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Re: [ARSCLIST] Any early Victor experts who can tell me more about this issue?
This is a half-label, pasted on a regular Victor pressing. The "dog and
horn" trademark could not be imported to the continent from the U.S. nor the
reverse (there are Victor half-labels as well). The two companies operated
a cartel dividing the world. The unaltered trademark kept Victor product
from being sold in the Gramophone Company's territory, etc. Customs would
either send them back or, if they got throgh and were placed on sale, often
resulted in pulling the importer's franchise. Distributors in one half
would otherwise cut price to undersell the price-maintained on in the other
half. In big enough piles, the profits were greate enough to cover any
additional shipping costs. These distributors had signed agreements with
the big outfit not to do this.
The half-labels were pasted on or pressed in at the plant and exported
directly by Victor or The Gramophone Company to their counterpart where the
records entered the normal distributor-dealer structure. They were usually
special orders though there were also selected items listed in "Import"
catalogs. In that case, the orders were accumulated and one big one placed
abroad. The files at the Johnson Museum in Dover contain considerable
corespondence concerning this issue.
When , say, a Peruvian dealer sent an inquiry to the Gramophone Company, the
correspondance was routinely sent by them to Victor to make the contact.
This was not as heavily enforced in the laster years of the cartel. Used
record dealers used their own or stock half-labels to obscure Nipper. But
it was still protected and patrolled. Addison Foster was running the
busiess of importing to the US without the half-label since he had an
exclusive agreement with then RCA and EMI. RCA would also import without
obscuring the trademark post-war. I'm not sure if The Gramophone Shop,
Liberty and other importers between the wars had concluded their own
arrangements. Certainly, the early Gramophoine Shop records were correctly
Machine parts were ven more heavily policed.
----- Original Message -----
From: "Roger and Allison Kulp" <thorenstd124@xxxxxxxxx>
Sent: Wednesday, March 12, 2008 3:34 PM
Subject: [ARSCLIST] Any early Victor experts who can tell me more about this
Export issue,I presume.
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