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China paper distinct from India paper?

To Allison and those interested in China / India / Index paper and other
paper definitions:

I would recommend the Dictionary and Encyclopaedia of Paper and
Paper-Making by E.J. Labarre as a wonderful source for many terms,
including those which may have colloquial usage but may not be technicall=
accurate (with explanations if that is so).  I have a 1952 edition
(published in the Netherlands by E.J. Labarre, Hilversum and Swets &
Zeitlinger, Amsterdam) which I like for its inclusion of traditional term=
with historical explanations of their derivation as well as technical
descriptions of paper.

About the question posed about China / India / Index paper, for those who=

do not have the above source, it says that "China paper and India (proof)=

paper are indentical. . . the latter has nothing to do with India and the=

use of the word is probably due to the tendency, prevailing down to the
18th Cent. to describe as Indian anything that came from the Far East (cf=
Indian Ink and 'India paper' for hangings, which originally came from
China). . .  What is now known as India paper (without the word 'proof')
used for bibles, is quite different.

India proof paper, sometimes abbr. to India or Indian paper, thus causing=

confusion, is really China paper, seeing that the original quality still
comes from there.  It is of a straw colour, extremely soft and absorbent,=

unsized, adapts itself to the surface of the steel plate or wood, and soa=
up a large quantity of ink without afterwards smearing. . .    Also
frequently called India transfer paper.  The name is sometimes loosely
given to other papers of oriental manufacture, and to European and
American. . ."

A separate entry for India paper says, "also known as Oxford India, or
bible paper is a thin, tough, opaque rag paper made (originally) for the
Oxford University Press in imitation of paper from the east, chiefly for
use in bibles. . ."  =

The only listing close to "index paper" in Labarre's Dictionary is for
Index board or bristol which is said to resemble a heavy ledger.

The above definitions are consistent with the Roberts, Etherington
dictionary, but have more of the historical background which helps to sor=
out the confusion.

Best wishes on your project,

Nancy Nitzberg.


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