JAIC 1987, Volume 26, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 1 to 17)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1987, Volume 26, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 1 to 17)

PAPER COMPLEXITY AND THE INTERPRETATION OF CONSERVATION RESEARCH

Antoinette Dwan


ABSTRACT—Paper variability and its influence on the methods of testing paper and the interpretation of test results is discussed. Variability of test data due to the composite and viscoelastic nature of paper, and moisture and temperature relationships is considered. Some topics covered are formation and furnish variability, the anisotropic nature of paper, network theories, preconditioning influences, and the hysteresis effect. Interpretation of test data is discussed with emphasis on the fold endurance test: its lack of precision, the wide variation in test results, and the possibilities for multiple interpretations.

Article Sections:

1. INTRODUCTION
2. PAPER AS A COMPOSITE MATERIAL
3. PAPER AS A VISCOELASTIC MATERIAL
4. MOISTURE-TEMPERATURE RELATIONSHIPS
5. PAPER-MOISTURE RELATIONSHIPS
6. INTERPRETATION OF TEST DATA
7. CONCLUSION
a: References
Entire Article

Copyright 1987 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works