Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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benzene

A colorless, aromatic hydrocarbon (C 6 H 6 ), usually obtained by the carbonization of coal, or from petroleum fractions by means of catalytic dehydrogenation. It is used to remove excess glair or grease from leather bindings. Although used extensively in the past. it is seldom used today because of its high flammability and extremely toxic nature. It is not to be confused with benzine (also used for the same purposes), which is a petroleum product obtained by distillation.




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