Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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hemp

A tall Asiatic herb, Cannabis sativa, which yields a tough bast fiber when retted. Hemp fibers are difficult to distinguish from linen by ordinary examination, but their presence may be suspected in a fibrillated paper. Hemp is used mainly for thin, opaque papers of great strength; however, it is almost never used alone. The term "hemp" has also come to be used in a generic sense as fiber and is then preceded by an adjective, e.g., Manila hemp (See: ABACA ), Seisal hemp (See: SISAL ), etc. Hemp is also fairly widely employed for the cords used in sewing books. (17 , 62 , 143 , 198 )




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