Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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straight-grain ( straight-grain morocco )

Ostensibly, a goatskin having creases in one direction on the grain surface. The term is generally applied to leathers other than goatskin, which makes the expression "morocco" virtually meaningless. Originally, the creasing was done by BOARDING (1) the skin in the wet condition; however, a similar effect is now obtained by plating the skin with a (heated) engraved steel plate, which renders the term completely meaningless, as well as inaccurate, because the grain of a true morocco is always produced by boarding in the wet condition. The technique dates from the second half of the 18th century. (61 , 97 , 154 )




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