Bookbinding and the Conservation of Books
A Dictionary of Descriptive Terminology

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tooth

A characteristic of the grain surface of various papers. Tooth is often a result of the wove marks impressed on the underside of the web of paper by the Fourdrinier wire of the papermaking machine, but it may also be caused by very small depressions between fibers or groups of fibers in the surface of the paper, or by the impression of the mesh of the felt fabric on the web of paper as it travels through the press rolls. Tooth is a characteristic of low finish in drawing papers, and is characteristic of virtually all handmade papers. The "tooth," meaning the roughness of a paper, expresses its ability to take pencil and crayon writing or drawing. Also called BITE (2) . (17 , 316 )




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