JAIC 1978, Volume 17, Number 2, Article 4 (pp. 33 to 43)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1978, Volume 17, Number 2, Article 4 (pp. 33 to 43)

PENETRATION AND PLACEMENT OF ALKALINE COMPOUNDS IN SOLUTION-DEACIDIFIED PAPER

George B. Kelly, & Stanley Fowler




REFERENCES

Chemist, Research and Testing Laboratory, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Physical Science Technician, Research and Testing Laboratory, Library of Congress, Washington, D.C.

Barrow, W. J. (1963–64), “Permanence/Durability of the Book,” Richmond, Virginia, The Dietz Press, Inc., I–III.

W. M.Best, “The Principles of the Law of Evidence,” American Edition, Soule & Bugbee, 1883. pH of paper = 4.5, thickness − 0.0042″, Gurley Porosity = 42 secs/100ml, acidity = 56mEq/Kg.

Alkali Determination in Paper: Weigh a 1 to 2.5g sample of paper to the nearest 0.001g and disperse in 200ml of distilled water in a Waring Blendor. Transfer to a 400ml beaker using about 50ml of distilled water to transfer any fibrous residues from the blender. Measure the pH with a pH meter and add sufficient 0.1 N hydrochloric acid (HCI) to reduce the pH to less than 3.0. Add exactly the same volume of 0.1N HCI to 250ml of distilled water in another beaker as a blank. Heat both beakers until the solutions boil, and boil gently for 1 minute to expel carbon dioxide. Cool to room temperature and back-titrate each to a pH of 7.0 with 0.1000N sodium hydroxide solution (pH meter). Calculate the alkali present as follows:

Fig. .

J. C.Williams, et. al., U. S. Patent 3898356 (1975).

Caution: Oven drying is only a possibility to be considered. It may be detrimental, particularly with art works or manuscripts.


Copyright 1978 American Institute of Historic and Artistic Works