JAIC 1988, Volume 27, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 64 to 86)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1988, Volume 27, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 64 to 86)

A STUDY OF THE DETERIORATION OF EGYPTIAN LIMESTONE SCULPTURE

S.M. Bradley, & A.P. Middleton



NOTES

. 1Oddy, W.A., Hughes, M.J. and Baker, S., “The Washing of Limestone Sculptures from Egypt and the Middle East”, Lithoclastia, No. 2(1976) 3–10.

. 2Barton, N.G., and Blackshaw, S.M., “Statistical Evaluation of the Analyses Carried Out on Egyptian Limestone”, Lithoclastia, No 2 (1976) 11–16.

. 3Winkler, E.M., Stone: Properties and Durability In Man's Environment, 2nd Edition, Springer Verlag, New York (1975)119–125.

. 4Lucas, A., Disintegration and Preservation of Building Stones in Egypt, Ministry of Fianance, Egypt, Cairo (1915).

. 5Winkler, E.M., Stone:Properties and Durability in Man's Environment, 2nd Edition, Springer Verlag, New York (1975) 102–125.

. 6Arnold, A., and Zehnder, K., “Crystallisation and Habits of Salt Efflorenscences on Walls II: Conditions of Crystallization,” Proceedings 5th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 269–278.

. 7Binda, L., Baronio, G., and Charola, A.E., “Deterioration of Porous Materials Due to Salt Crystallization Under Different Thermohygrometric Conditions,” Proceedings 5th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 279–288.

. 8Bromble, P., and Bocquier, G., “Donnees Petrologiques Concernant L'alteration Des Gres Des Temples De Karnak (Egypte),” Proceedings 5th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 361–370.

. 9Ordaz, J., and Esbert, R.M., “Porosity and Capillarity in Some Sandstone and Dolomite Monumental Stones,” Proceedings 5th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 93–102.

. 10Abd el Hady, M.M., and Krzywoblocka-Laurov, R., “The Durability of Limestone Employed in Roman Theatre and Qait Bay's Citadel in the Marine Environment in Alexandria Egypt,” Proceedings 5th International Congress on Deterioration and Conservation of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 307–312.

. 11Schaffer, R.J., The Weathering of Natural Building Stones, Building Research Report No. 18, Building Research Establishment, Garston (1972) 33–36.

. 12Honeyborne, D.B., and Harris, P.B., “The Structure of Porous Building Stone and its Relation to Weathering,” Volume 10, Proceedings of the Colston Research Society, Butterworths (1958) 343–365.

. 13Leary, E., “The Builiding Limestones of the British Isles,” Buidling Research Establishment Report, HMSO (1983) 6–8.

. 14Bassett, J., Denney, R.C., Jeffery, G.H., and Mendham, J., Vogel's Textbook of Quantitative Inorganic Analysis, 4th Edition, Longman, London (1978)504–507.

. 15Experimental Methods, Test No. 1.5, Proceedings of International Symposium on the Deterioration and Protection of Stone Monuments, UNESCO-RILEM, Vol.5, Paris June 5–9, 1978.

. 16Wardlaw, N.C., and McKellar, M., “Mercury Porosimetry and the Interpretation of Pore Geometry in Sedimentary Rocks and Artificial Models”, Powder Technology, 29 (1981) 127–143.

. 17Siegel, S., Non Parametric Statistics of the Bahavioral Sciences, McGraw-Kogakusha, Tokyo, (1956) 312 pp.

. 18Calvert, S.E. “Marine Mineralogy - Mineralogy of Silica Phases in Deep Sea Cherts and Porcelanites,” Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, A286 (1977)239–252.

. 19Brindley, G.W., and Brown, G., (editors) Crystal Structures of Clay Minerals and their X-ray Identification, Mineralogical Society, London, (1980).

. 20Hassouba, H., and Shaw, H.F., “The Occurence of Palygorskite in Quaternary Sediments of the Costal Plain of North West Egypt,” Clay Minerals, 15 (1980) 77–83.

. 21Folk, R.L., “Spectral Subdivision of Limestone Types,” in Classification of Carbonate Rocks, (ed. W.E. Than), Memoir of American Association of Petroleum Geologists, 1 (1962) 62–84.

. 22Arnold, A., Kung, A., and Zehender, K., “Deterioration and Preservation of Carolingian and Medieval Mural Paintings in the Mustair Convent (Switzerland) Part 1 Decay Mechanisms and Preservation,” in Case Studies in the Conservation of Stone and Wall Paintings, (ed. N.S. Brommelle, and Perry Smith), IIC, Bologna (1986) 190–194.

. 23Arnold, A., and Kung, A., “Crystallization and Habits of Salt Effloresences on Walls 1: Methods of Investigation and Habits,” Proceedings of Fifth International Congress on Deterioration of Stone, Lausanne (1985) 255–267.

. 24Cooley, W.W., and Lohens, P.R., Multivariate Data Analysis, New York, (1971).

. 25Mayers, P., and Van Zelst, “Neutron Activation of Limestone Objects: A Pilot Study,” Radiochimica Acta, 24 (1977) 197–204.

. 26Unpublished work carried out at the British Museum on a group of partially metamorphosed limestone sculptures by S.M. Bradley, I. Freestone, W.A. Oddy and A.E.A. Werner.


Copyright 1988 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works