JAIC 1990, Volume 29, Number 1, Article 2 (pp. 13 to 31)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1990, Volume 29, Number 1, Article 2 (pp. 13 to 31)

A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SILVER CLEANING ABRASIVES

GLENN WHARTON, SUSAN LANSING MAISH, & WILLIAM S. GINELL




REFERENCES

Backlund, P., B.Fjellström, S.Hammarbäck, and B.Maijgren. 1966. The influence of humidity on the reactions of hydrogen sulfide with copper and silver. Arkiv for Kemi26:(23):267–77.

Bennett, H. E., R. L.Peck, D. K.Burge, and J. M.Bennett. 1969. Formation and growth of tarnish on evaporated silver films. Journal of Applied Physics40(8):3351–60.

Consumer Reports. 1978. Silver care products. Consumer Reports43(2):104–7.

Drott, J.1959. Reaction rate and growth forms in the reaction between silver and H2S. Arkiv for Kemi15(14):181–95.

Fales, D. A., Jr.1967. Care of antique silver. History News22(2):technical leaflet 40.

Franey, J. P.1983. A novel system for atmospheric corrosion experiments. Corrosion Science. 23(1):1–8.

Graedel, T. E., G. W.Kammlott, J. P.Franey. 1981. Carbonyl sulfide: Potential agent of atmospheric sulfur corrosion. Science212:663–64.

Graedel, T. E., J. P.Franey, et al. 1985. On the mechanism of silver and copper sulfidation by atmospheric H2S and OCS. Corrosion Science25(12):1163–1168.

J.G.Hawthorne and C.S.Smith. 1979. Theophilis on diverse arts. Dover Publications. Book 3, Chapter 80: 158.

Heller, D.1983. The coating of metal objects at Winterthur. AIC Preprints. 11th Annual Meeting of the American Institute for Conservation, Washington, D.C.57–64.

Holland, M.1977. Caring for silver. Silver10(2):30–31.

Majewski, L.1973. On conservation. Museum News51(8):10–11.

Plenderleith, H. J., and A.E.A.Werner. 1979. The Conservation of antiquities and works of art.London: Oxford University Press:240.

Pope, D., H. R.Gibbens, and R. L.Moss. 1968. The tarnishing of Ag at naturally occurring H2S and SO2 levels. Corrosion Science. 8(12):883–87.

Rabinowicz, E.1968. Polishing. Scientific American218(6):91–99.

Reisman, S.1983. How to clean silver. History News38(8):22–23.

Samuels, L. E.1978. The mechanisms of abrasive machining. Scientific American239(5):110–118.

Samuels, L. E.1982. Metallographic polishing by mechanical methods. 3d ed.Metals Park, Ohio: American Society for Metals. 155–159.

Taylor, G.1956. Silver. London: Penguin Books. 230.



SOURCES OF MATERIALS USED

Chromium oxide, magnesium oxide, gamma, alumina, alpha alumina, rouge, Metadi diamond, Miromet, Mastertex, Microcloth, Fibermet, Metpolish

Buehler, Ltd., Bluffs, Illinois

Tin oxide

Transelco Div., Ferro Corp., Pennyan, New York

Calcium carbonate

Fisher Scientific, Fair Lawn, New Jersey

Diatomaceous silica (Snow Floss)

Johns Manville Co., Denver, Colorado

Cerium oxide

Cercoa Corp., Lake Park, Florida

Colloidal silica (Cabosil), rottenstone, kaolin, Triton X-100

Conservation Materials, Sparks, Nevada

Magnesium silicate

Spectrum Chemicals, Gardena, California

Polyester cloth (Exsorbex 400)

Berkshire Corp., Great Barrington, Massachusetts

Cotton diapers (Curity)

Local Drug Store


AUTHOR INFORMATION

GLENN WHARTON is a conservator in private practice in Los Angeles. He received his Master's degree from the Cooperstown Graduate Program in 1981. He interned at the Oriental Institute of the University of Chicago, J. Paul Getty Museum, and Fogg Museum. Following his internships, Mr. Wharton received an Andrew Mellon Fellowship at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art and a research fellowship at the Getty Conservation Institute. He has served as Field Conservator for the Cyprus Expedition of Princeton University, the Sardis Expedition of Harvard University, and the Institute of Nautical Archaeology in Turkey. Address: 549 Hot Springs Road, Santa Barbara, California 93108.

SUSAN LANSING MAISH received a Bachelor's degree in Fine Arts from the Art Center College of Design, Pasadena, California in 1984. Since 1986, she has been on staff of the Antiquities Conservation Department, J. Paul Getty Museum. Preceding her current position, she was a member of the Gilbert Silver Cleaning project at the Los Angeles County Museum of Art. Address: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Antiquites Conservation, P.O. Box 2112, Santa Monica, California 90406.

WILLIAM S. GINELL received his Ph.D. in Physical Chemistry from the University of Wisconsin. Since 1949, he has held research positions at Brookhaven National Laboratory, Atomics International, Aerospace Corporation, and McDonnell Douglas Astronautics Company. He joined the Getty Conservation Institute in 1984 as Head of the Materials Science Section. His principal research interests are in protective coatings for conservation, corrosion of metals, seismic damage mitigation methods for cultural property, and architectural conservation. Address: The Getty Conservation Institute, 4503 Glencoe Avenue, Marina del Rey, California 90292-6537.


Copyright © 1990 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works