ABRASIVENESS OF CERTAIN BACKING FABRICS FOR SUPPORTING HISTORIC TEXTILES
LoERNA PALMER SIMPSON
SOURCES OF MATERIALS USEDAATCC crockmeter, handpowered or electric
Atlas Electric Devices Co., 4114 N. Ravenswood Ave., Chicago, Ill. 60613Linen tester
Conservation Materials Ltd., 1165 Marietta Way, Sparks, Nev. 89431Red 100% cotton flannel, “Furry”
Springs Industry, Ft. Mill, S.C. 29715Backing fabrics
Testfabrics, Inc., P.O. Drawer O, Middlesex, N.J. 08846Detergent without optical brightner, bleach, or, fabric softener is AHAM (Association of Home, Appliance Manufacturers) Standard Detergent, available in 2-, 5-, and 20-lb cans
Textile Innovators Corp., CYBER Center, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave., York, Pa 17404, or124-W.O.B. in 20-lb buckets
AATCC, P.O. Box 12215, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27709Hand-drawn template, 2 ½–by–6 in, with centered, 1 in opening, is cut from manila or poster board
AATCC. 1988. AATCC test method 8-1985, Colorfastness to crocking: AATCC crockmeter method. In AATCC Technical Manual 1988, 58:24–25. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists.
ASTM. 1988. Draft 53.702, Standard practice for pretreatment of backing fabrics used in textile conservation. Unpublished document. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Society for Testing and Materials.
Buras, E. M., Jr., and R. H.Harris, Jr.1983. Generation of lint from fabrics. Textile Chemists and Colorists15 (January): 17–19.
Cohen, A. C.1982. Beyond basic textiles. New York: Fairchild Publications.
SAS. 1985. SAS user's guide: Statistics, 5th ed.Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc.
Simpson, L. P.1988. Investigating the abrasive characteristics of textile fabric surfaces supporting historic textiles. Textile Specialty Group Abstracts, AIC preprints, 16th Annual Meeting. American Institute for Conservation, Washington, D.C.296.
Tortora, P. G.1987. Understanding textiles. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co.
LOERNA PALMER SIMPSON is assistant professor of textiles in the Department of Apparel, Interiors, Housing, and Merchandising, Oregon State University. She received her Ph.D. from Texas Woman's University and her master's degree from Kansas State University. She is active in several professional organizations, including AIC, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC). Address: Department of Apparel, Interiors, Housing, and Merchandising, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oreg. 97331.