JAIC 1991, Volume 30, Number 2, Article 5 (pp. 179 to 185)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1991, Volume 30, Number 2, Article 5 (pp. 179 to 185)

ABRASIVENESS OF CERTAIN BACKING FABRICS FOR SUPPORTING HISTORIC TEXTILES

LoERNA PALMER SIMPSON




SOURCES OF MATERIALS USED

AATCC crockmeter, handpowered or electric

Atlas Electric Devices Co., 4114 N. Ravenswood Ave., Chicago, Ill. 60613

Linen tester

Conservation Materials Ltd., 1165 Marietta Way, Sparks, Nev. 89431

Red 100% cotton flannel, “Furry”

Springs Industry, Ft. Mill, S.C. 29715

Backing fabrics

Testfabrics, Inc., P.O. Drawer O, Middlesex, N.J. 08846

Detergent without optical brightner, bleach, or, fabric softener is AHAM (Association of Home, Appliance Manufacturers) Standard Detergent, available in 2-, 5-, and 20-lb cans

Textile Innovators Corp., CYBER Center, 1600 Pennsylvania Ave., York, Pa 17404, or

124-W.O.B. in 20-lb buckets

AATCC, P.O. Box 12215, Research Triangle Park, N.C. 27709

Hand-drawn template, 2 –by–6 in, with centered, 1 in opening, is cut from manila or poster board

REFERENCES

AATCC. 1988. AATCC test method 8-1985, Colorfastness to crocking: AATCC crockmeter method. In AATCC Technical Manual 1988, 58:24–25. Research Triangle Park, N.C.: American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists.

ASTM. 1988. Draft 53.702, Standard practice for pretreatment of backing fabrics used in textile conservation. Unpublished document. Philadelphia, Pa.: American Society for Testing and Materials.

Buras, E. M., Jr., and R. H.Harris, Jr.1983. Generation of lint from fabrics. Textile Chemists and Colorists15 (January): 17–19.

Cohen, A. C.1982. Beyond basic textiles. New York: Fairchild Publications.

SAS. 1985. SAS user's guide: Statistics, 5th ed.Cary, N.C.: SAS Institute, Inc.

Simpson, L. P.1988. Investigating the abrasive characteristics of textile fabric surfaces supporting historic textiles. Textile Specialty Group Abstracts, AIC preprints, 16th Annual Meeting. American Institute for Conservation, Washington, D.C.296.

Tortora, P. G.1987. Understanding textiles. New York: Macmillan Publishing Co.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

LOERNA PALMER SIMPSON is assistant professor of textiles in the Department of Apparel, Interiors, Housing, and Merchandising, Oregon State University. She received her Ph.D. from Texas Woman's University and her master's degree from Kansas State University. She is active in several professional organizations, including AIC, American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), and American Association of Textile Chemists and Colorists (AATCC). Address: Department of Apparel, Interiors, Housing, and Merchandising, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oreg. 97331.


Copyright 1991 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works