JAIC 1993, Volume 32, Number 1, Article 5 (pp. 43 to 57)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1993, Volume 32, Number 1, Article 5 (pp. 43 to 57)




1. Martens (1974) rated the efficiency of chlorinated solvents with respect to the time required to wrinkle a standard oleoresinous film. In general, the efficiency of a chlorinated solvent decreases as the chlorination or the chain length of the organic radical increases. No further information is given about the experimental design. He arrived at the following rating:

2. Methanol is the most widely used co-solvent. If more than 4% methanol is used, the remover must be identified as poisonous on the container. Methanol, a low molecular weight polar solvent, has a strong activating effect and adds to the versatility of the remover (Kirk and Othmer 1985).

3. Amines, e.g., 2-(N,N-dimethylamino)ethanol, are not as corrosive as acids and prevent container corrosion by scavenging hydrochloric acid which is released by the decomposition of methylene chloride (Kirk and Othmer 1985). Amines may discolor wood or react with copper or cadmium surfaces (Martens 1974).


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Akzo Chemicals, Inc., 8201 W. 47th St., McCook, Ill. 60525

BF Goodrich-Specialty Polymers Division, 6100 Oak Tree Blvd. Cleveland, Ohio 44131

Dow Chemical USA, Midland, Mich. 48640

Dumond Chemicals, Inc., 1501 Broadway, New York, N.Y. 10036

Dynaloy, Inc., 7-T Great Meadow La., Hanover, N.J. 07936

Enthone, Inc., P.O. Box 1900, New Haven, Conn. 06508

Kwick Kleen Industrial Solvents, Inc., P.O. Box 905, Dept. T4, Vincennes, Ind. 47591

3M, 6043 Hudson Rd., Ste. 290, Woodbury, Minn., 55125

Master Products, Inc., P.O. Box 274, Orange City, Iowa 51041

Miranol Chemical Co., Inc., P.O. Box 436, 68 Culver Rd., Dayton, N.J., 08810

Miller-Stephenson Chemical Co., Inc., George Washington Hwy., Danbury, Conn., 06508

Mitchell-Bradford Chemical Co., P.O. Box 169, Wampus La., Milford, Conn., 06460

Mohawk Finishing Products, Rte. 30 N., Amsterdam, N.Y. 12010

Morton Paint Co. (U.S. Chemical and Plastics, Co.), P.O. Box 6208, Canton, Ohio 44706

New York Bronze Powder Co., East Corey St., Scranton, Pa. 18505

Oakite Products, Inc., 50 Valley Rd., Berkeley Heights, N.J. 07922

On-Site Wood Restoration, 138 Woolper Ave., Cincinnati, Ohio 45220

Parks Corp., P.O. Box 5, Somerset, Mass. 02726

Pyrock Chemical Corp., 5-40 45th St., Long Island City, N.Y. 11101

Savogram, P.O. Box 130, Norwood, Mass. 02062

Star Bronze Co., P.O. Box 2206, Alliance, Ohio 44601-0206

Servistar Corp., P.O. Box 1510, Butler, Pa. 16003

Thompson and Formby, Inc., P.O. Box 667, 10136 Magnolia Dr., Olive Branch, Miss. 38654


THOMAS WOLLBRINCK is an assistant paintings conservator at the Intermuseum Laboratory, Oberlin, Ohio. He accepted this position after completing a two-year National Endowment for the Arts Fellowship in paintings conservation at the Intermuseum Conservation Laboratory. He received a master of science degree in art conservation from the University of Delaware in 1990. His third-year internship was spent at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He held other conservation internships at the Detroit Institute of Arts, the conservation studio of Rick Strilky, and the Pomerantz Institute. He received a B.A. in studio art from St. Louis University that was completed on scholarship at the Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts. He undertook further studies in art history at the Art Institute of Chicago and in chemistry at Roosevelt University. Address: 136 North Main St., Oberlin, Ohio 44074.

Copyright 1993 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works