JAIC 1993, Volume 32, Number 1, Article 6 (pp. 59 to 79)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1993, Volume 32, Number 1, Article 6 (pp. 59 to 79)

EXPOSURE OF ARTISTS' COLORANTS TO PEROXYACETYL NITRATE

EDWIN L. WILLIAMS, ERIC GROSJEAN, & DANIEL GROSJEAN




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Grosjean, D., P. M.Whitmore, C. P.DeMoor, G. R.Cass, and J. R.Druzik. 1988a. Ozone fading of organic colorants: Products and mechanisms of the reaction of ozone with curcumin. Environmental Science and Technology22:1357–61.

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SOURCES OF MATERIALS

Activated carbon (type BPL, 6–16 mesh)

Calgon Corp., Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

Electron capture gas chromatograph

Model 8610, SRI, Inc., Redondo Beach, California

FEP teflon film (type 200A)

DuPont, Wilmington, Delaware

Glass fiber filter

Whatman Lab Sales, Hillsboro, Oregon

High vacuum teflon grease

Baxter Scientific Products, Irvine, California

Plexiglas (Acrylite FF)

Gem-O-Lite Company, Ventura, California

Purafil

Purafil, Inc., Atlanta, Georgia

Reflectance color analyzer chroma-meter model, Cr-121

Minolta Corp., Ramsey, New Jersey

Reflectance spectrophotometer: Diano Match Scan II

Bausch and Lomb, Woburn, Massachusetts

Silica gel (3–8 mesh)

Aldrich Chemical Co., Milwaukee, Wisconsin

Standard ceramic color tiles

British Ceramic Research Associates, Ltd., Stoke-on-Trent, England

Watercolor paper: 100% rag fiber, 140 lbs, neutral ph, hot-pressed

Perrigot, Arches, France

Watercolors

Winsor and Newton, Wealdstone, Harrow, Middlesex HA3 5RH, England; Binney and Smith, Grumbacher.

Weld-on (acrylic plastic cement)

Gem-O-Lite Company, Ventura, California

Whatman 41 cellulose filters

Whatman Lab Sales, Hillsboro, Oregon


AUTHOR INFORMATION

EDWIN L. WILLIAMS II holds an M.S. degree in physical chemistry from the University of California, Los Angeles (1986) and is a research scientist with DGA, Inc. He is involved in research projects including atmospheric chemistry, air pollution measurements, development and application of new analytical methods for the determination of trace levels of air pollutants, museum air quality, and studies of the impact of air pollutants on paper and on artists' colorants.

ERIC GROSJEAN holds a B.A. degree in environmental sciences from the California State University, Northridge, California (1991) and is a research assistant at DGA, Inc. He is involved in research projects including laboratory studies of atmospheric chemical reactions, air pollution measurements in urban air, and indoor air quality and studies of the impact of air pollutants on artists' colorants.

DANIEL GROSJEAN holds a docteur es Sciences degree in physical organic chemistry from the University of Paris (1972) and did postdoctoral research at the Department of Environmental Health Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. He is president of a private environmental research company that he founded in 1983 and he directs research studies in atmospheric chemistry, air pollution measurements, museum air quality, and art conservation. He also holds an appointment as visiting associate, Department of Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology. Grosjean's recent work in the field of art conservation has included several surveys of air quality in museums, the design of mitigation measures such as the use of sorbents to remove air pollutants from display cases, the development of passive samplers for measuring formaldehyde and other pollutants in museum air, and studies of the impact of air pollutants on deacidified paper, artists' colorants, and other materials relevant to museum collections. Address: DGA, Inc., 4526 Telephone Rd., Ste. 205, Ventura, Calif. 93003.


Copyright © 1993 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works