EXPOSURE OF ARTISTS' COLORANTS TO PEROXYACETYL NITRATE
EDWIN L. WILLIAMS, ERIC GROSJEAN, & DANIEL GROSJEAN
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SOURCES OF MATERIALSActivated carbon (type BPL, 6–16 mesh)
Calgon Corp., Pittsburgh, PennsylvaniaElectron capture gas chromatograph
Model 8610, SRI, Inc., Redondo Beach, CaliforniaFEP teflon film (type 200A)
DuPont, Wilmington, DelawareGlass fiber filter
Whatman Lab Sales, Hillsboro, OregonHigh vacuum teflon grease
Baxter Scientific Products, Irvine, CaliforniaPlexiglas (Acrylite FF)
Gem-O-Lite Company, Ventura, CaliforniaPurafil
Purafil, Inc., Atlanta, GeorgiaReflectance color analyzer chroma-meter model, Cr-121
Minolta Corp., Ramsey, New JerseyReflectance spectrophotometer: Diano Match Scan II
Bausch and Lomb, Woburn, MassachusettsSilica gel (3–8 mesh)
Aldrich Chemical Co., Milwaukee, WisconsinStandard ceramic color tiles
British Ceramic Research Associates, Ltd., Stoke-on-Trent, EnglandWatercolor paper: 100% rag fiber, 140 lbs, neutral ph, hot-pressed
Perrigot, Arches, FranceWatercolors
Winsor and Newton, Wealdstone, Harrow, Middlesex HA3 5RH, England; Binney and Smith, Grumbacher.Weld-on (acrylic plastic cement)
Gem-O-Lite Company, Ventura, CaliforniaWhatman 41 cellulose filters
Whatman Lab Sales, Hillsboro, Oregon
EDWIN L. WILLIAMS II holds an M.S. degree in physical chemistry from the University of California, Los Angeles (1986) and is a research scientist with DGA, Inc. He is involved in research projects including atmospheric chemistry, air pollution measurements, development and application of new analytical methods for the determination of trace levels of air pollutants, museum air quality, and studies of the impact of air pollutants on paper and on artists' colorants.
ERIC GROSJEAN holds a B.A. degree in environmental sciences from the California State University, Northridge, California (1991) and is a research assistant at DGA, Inc. He is involved in research projects including laboratory studies of atmospheric chemical reactions, air pollution measurements in urban air, and indoor air quality and studies of the impact of air pollutants on artists' colorants.
DANIEL GROSJEAN holds a docteur es Sciences degree in physical organic chemistry from the University of Paris (1972) and did postdoctoral research at the Department of Environmental Health Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, California. He is president of a private environmental research company that he founded in 1983 and he directs research studies in atmospheric chemistry, air pollution measurements, museum air quality, and art conservation. He also holds an appointment as visiting associate, Department of Chemical Engineering, California Institute of Technology. Grosjean's recent work in the field of art conservation has included several surveys of air quality in museums, the design of mitigation measures such as the use of sorbents to remove air pollutants from display cases, the development of passive samplers for measuring formaldehyde and other pollutants in museum air, and studies of the impact of air pollutants on deacidified paper, artists' colorants, and other materials relevant to museum collections. Address: DGA, Inc., 4526 Telephone Rd., Ste. 205, Ventura, Calif. 93003.