JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 2, Article 7 (pp. 153 to 170)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 2, Article 7 (pp. 153 to 170)

INVESTIGATION INTO THE DETERIORATION OF PAINTINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS USING COMPUTERIZED MODELING OF STRESS DEVELOPMENT

MARION F. MECKLENBURG, MARK McCORMICK-GOODHART, & CHARLES S. TUMOSA


ABSTRACT—The environmental effects of temperature and relative humidity on the mechanical response of paintings and photographs were examined using numerical methods and computer analysis. The basic mathematical approach is introduced that defines the material parameters necessary to conduct such an analysis. Methods of determining the material and dimensional properties of materials with comments on the effects of increasing measurement accuracy are discussed. Using measured material properties for paintings and photographs, complete computer analyses were conducted that modeled the physical response to changing temperature and relative humidity. The calculated results were compared to experimental test specimens subjected to similar environmental variations.

Article Sections:

1. INTRODUCTION
2. THE MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF MATERIALS
3. STRESS DEVELOPMENT IN FULLY RESTRAINED MATERIAL RESULTING FROM CHANGES IN TEMPERATURE AND RELATIVE HUMIDITY
4. NUMERICAL SOLUTIONS: COMPUTER ANALYSES OF PAINTINGS AND PHOTOGRAPHS
5. SUMMARY
a: References , Author Information
Entire Article

Copyright 1994 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works