JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 3, Article 5 (pp. 301 to 306)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1994, Volume 33, Number 3, Article 5 (pp. 301 to 306)

SHORT COMMUNICATION EARLY WOOD-FIBER PANELS: MASONITE, HARDBOARD, AND LOWER-DENSITY BOARDS

ALEXANDER W. KATLAN


ABSTRACT—The author discusses the early use in the 19th and 20th centuries of lignocellulose fiberboards by artists. Hardboards and “Masonite process” boards are defined and discussed, and patent dates are clarified, including the possibility that fiberboards were available to artists as early as 1861, judging by two British patents of that date, and the fact that wood-fiber boards were commercially manufactured in England by 1893. The advantages and disadvantages of Masonite as an artist's painting support are discussed, as is a new Masonite-type hardboard that recently was introduced.

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Copyright 1994 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works