JAIC 1997, Volume 36, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 1 to 16)
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Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1997, Volume 36, Number 1, Article 1 (pp. 1 to 16)

WITH PAINT FROM CLAUS & FRITZ: A STUDY OF AN AMSTERDAM PAINTING MATERIALS FIRM (1841–1931)

MICHEL LAAR, & AVIVA BURNSTOCK



5 CONTROL

The letterheads of all Claus & Fritz's bills to Willem Witsen (Stichting Willem Witsenhuis) also mention “Restoration of Paintings,” an aspect about which nothing more is known since there are no extant archives of the firm. From 1917 onward there also appears the line: “Manufacturers of Oil and Water Colors. Under the control of Mr. van Ledden Hulsebosch.” This is a reference to the Amsterdam criminologist and scientific adviser to the Criminal Investigation Department, C. J. van Ledden Hulsebosch (1877–1952) (fig. 12), a celebrity in his day whom the newspapers dubbed “the Sherlock Holmes of Amsterdam.” Claus & Fritz evidently considered the quality of their products important enough to warrant taking on an independent controller, who presumably would have conducted regular tests to ensure the fineness, authenticity, and quality of the pigments. Van Ledden Hulsebosch carried out similar product control on the flavorings of Maggi in Amsterdam and the tubular lights made by Philips of Eindhoven.

Fig. 12. Photograph showing C. J. van Ledden Hulsebosch illustrated in the daily De Telegraaf, July 14, 1927. The caption reads: “The police expert C. J. van Ledden Hulsebosch in his private laboratory at No. 17 Nieuwendijk in Amsterdam, where he undertook investigation at the service of the police and courts, resolving many a crime. Here he is shown with his fascinating instrumentation for ultraviolet radiation.” Photograph courtesy of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, The Hague

Van Ledden Hulsebosch was also interested in modern methods of examining works of art. In his popular Veertig Jaren Speurdswerk (Forty Years of Detective Work) (1945) he described how, after World War I, he brought the first ultraviolet lamp to the Netherlands. After a great deal of difficulty he became the first in the country to examine oil paintings by Old Masters by UV radiation in order to discover signatures that were completely invisible in ordinary light. The difficulty was particularly severe when the painter had signed his name in one of the very luminescent types of paint such as zinc white or other paints containing zinc or in a nonluminescent paint on a luminescent ground (Van Ledden Hulsebosch 1945, 166).

In addition to acknowledging his services, Van Ledden Hulsebosch's name on the firm's letterhead also had a commercial intention much like the signed document of 1900.


Copyright 1997 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works