JAIC 1997, Volume 36, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 31 to 48)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1997, Volume 36, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 31 to 48)

ALFRED LUCAS: EGYPT'S SHERLOCK HOLMES

MARK GILBERG



APPENDIX


1 APPENDIX: WORKS BY ALFRED LUCAS

Lucas, A. 1900. Analysis of bronze and copper objects. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 1:287–88.

Lucas, A. 1900. Analysis of one of the crowns found at Dahshour. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 1:286.

Lucas, A. 1900. Chemical report on the phosphate: A contributing report on the phosphate in Egypt. Cairo: Egyptian Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1901. Analyse de quelques specimens de gris pris dans les colonnes de la Salle Hypostyle. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 2:177–281.

Lucas, A. 1902. The disintegration of building stones in Egypt. Cairo: Geological Survey Department, Public Works Ministry.

Lucas, A. 1902. Preliminary investigation of the soil and water of the Fayum province. Cairo: Geological Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1903. The salt content of some agricultural drainage waters in Egypt. Cairo Scientific Journal 2:413–17.

Lucas, A. 1903. Soil and water of the Wadi Tumilat lands under reclamation. Cairo: Egyptian Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1905. Ancient Egyptian mortars. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 7:4–7.

Lucas, A. 1905. The blackened rocks of the Nile cataracts and of the Egyptian deserts. Cairo: National Printing Department.

Lucas, A. 1907. The physical nature of soil. Survey Notes, Cairo 10:271–76.

Lucas, A. 1908. The chemistry of river Nile. Cairo: Egyptian Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1908. On a sample of varnish from the temple al Deir-el-Bahri. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 9:7.

Lucas, A. 1910. Preservative materials used by the ancient Egyptians in embalming. Cairo Scientific Journal 4:66–68.

Lucas, A. 1910. Preservative materials used by the ancient Egyptians in embalming. Chemical News 101: 266.

Lucas, A. 1911. The salt content of some agricultural drainage waters in Egypt. Cairo Scientific Journal 5:190–91.

Lucas, A. 1912. Natural soda deposits in Egypt. Cairo: Geological Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1912. Natural soda deposits in Egypt. Bulletin Imperie Institute 10:686–88.

Lucas, A. 1913. The relative manurial value of Nile water and sewage. Cairo Scientific Journal 7:1–9.

Lucas, A., and B.F.E. Keeling. 1913. The manufacture of the Holy Carpet. Cairo Scientific Journal 7:129–30.

Lucas, A. 1914. The formation of sodium carbonate and sodium sulphate in nature. Cairo Scientific Journal 8:185–88.

Lucas, A. 1914. Preservative materials used by the ancient Egyptians in embalming. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 1:244–45.

Lucas, A. 1914. The question of the use of bitumen or pitch by the ancient Egyptians in mummification. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 1:241–45.

Lucas, A. 1915. The disintegration and preservation of building stones in Egypt. Cairo: Geological Survey Department.

Lucas, A. 1916. Alcoholic liquor and the liquor trade in Egypt. Cairo: Cairo Government Press.

Lucas, A. 1917. Efflorescent salt of unusual composition. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 17:86–88.

Lucas, A. 1920. Legal chemistry and scientific criminal investigation. New York: Longmans, Green and Co.

Lucas, A. 1920. Report of the work of the Egyptian government analytical laboratories and assay office during the period 1913–1919. Cairo: Ministry of Finance.

Lucas, A. 1921. Forensic chemistry. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1922. The inks of ancient and modern Egypt. Analyst 47:9–15.

Lucas, A. 1922–23. Effect of exposure on colourless glass. Cairo Scientific Journal 11:72–73.

Lucas, A. 1923. The examination of firearms and projectiles in forensic cases. Analyst 48:203–10.

Lucas, A. 1924. Antiquities: Their restoration and preservation. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1924. Methods used in cleaning ancient bronze and silver. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 24:17.

Lucas, A. 1924. Mistakes in chemical matters frequently made in archaeology. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 10:128–32.

Lucas, A. 1924. Note on the cleaning of certain objects in the Cairo Museum. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 24:15–16.

Lucas, A. 1924. Note on the temperature and humidity of several tombs in the valley of the tombs of the kings at Thebes. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 24:12–14.

Lucas, A. 1924. The use of chemistry in archaeology. Cairo Scientific Journal 12:144–45.

Lucas, A. 1926. Ancient Egyptian materials. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Lucas, A. 1926. Damage caused by salt at Karnak. Cairo Scientific Journal 51:47–54.

Lucas, A. 1926. Problems in connection with ancient Egyptian materials. Analyst 51:435–50.

Lucas, A. 1927. The necklace of Queen Aahhotep. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 27:69–71.

Lucas, A. 1927. Notes on the early history of tin and bronze. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 14:100–101.

Lucas, A. 1928. Egyptian use of beer and wines. Ancient Egypt 1–5.

Lucas, A. 1929. The nature of the colour of pottery, with special reference to that of ancient Egypt. Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute 69:113–29.

Lucas, A. 1930. Ancient Egyptian wigs. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 30:190–96.

Lucas, A. 1930. Cosmetics, perfumes, and incense in ancient Egypt. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 16:41–53.

Lucas, A. 1931. The canoptic vases from the tomb of Queen Tiyi. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 31:13–21.

Lucas, A. 1931. Cedar-tree products employed in mummification. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 17:13–21.

Lucas, A. 1932. Antiquities: Their restoration and preservation. Rev. ed. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1932. Black and black-topped pottery. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 32:93–96.

Lucas, A. 1932. The occurrence of natron in ancient Egypt. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 18:62–66.

Lucas, A. 1933. Ancient Egyptian materials and industries about 1350 B.C. Analyst 58:654–64.

Lucas, A. 1933. Appendix 2. The chemistry of the tomb. In The tomb of Tut-ankh-amen, vol. 3, ed. H. Carter and A. Mace. London: Cassell and Co.

Lucas, A. 1933. Beam's colour test for hashish. Analyst 58:602.

Lucas, A. 1933. Resin from a tomb of the Saite period. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 33:187–89.

Lucas, A., and D. B. Harden. 1933. Ancient glass. Antiquity 7:419–29.

Lucas, A. 1934. Ancient Egyptian materials . Rev. ed. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1934. Ancient glass. Antiquity 8:94–95.

Lucas, A. 1934. Artificial eyes in ancient Egypt. Ancient Egypt 84–89.

Lucas, A. 1934. Woodworking in ancient Egypt. Empire Forestry Journal 11:213–14.

Lucas, A. 1935. Ancient Egyptian materials and industries. Rev. ed. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Lucas, A. 1935. Forensic chemistry and scientific criminal investigation. Rev. ed. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1935. Were the Giza Pyramids painted? Antiquity 12:26–30.

Lucas, A. 1935. Review of Origins and development of applied chemistry, by J. R. Partington. Analyst 60:498–99.

Lucas, A. 1935–36. Review of The preservation of antiquities, by H. J. Plenderleith. Science Progress: A Quarterly Review of Scientific Thought, Work and Affairs 30:185.

Lucas, A. 1936. Glazed ware in Egypt, India and Mesopotamia. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 22:141–64.

Lucas, A. 1936. The medallion of Dahshur. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 36:197–200.

Lucas, A. 1936. The wood of the Third Dynasty plywood coffin from Saqqara. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 36:141–64.

Lucas, A., and G. Brunton. 1936. The medallion of Dashur. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 36:141–64.

Lucas, A. 1937. Notes on myrrh and stactes. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 23:27–33.

Lucas, A. 1937. The wood of the Third Dynasty: Plywood coffin from Saqquara. Annales du Service des Antquites de L'Égypte 36:1–4.

Lucas, A. 1938. Early Egyptian faience. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 24:198–99.

Lucas, A. 1938. The ancient Egyptian Beckhen stone. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 38:127–56.

Lucas, A. 1938. Inlaid eyes in ancient Egypt, Mesopotamia and India. Technical Studies in the Field of Fine Arts 7:1–32.

Lucas, A. 1938. Poisons in ancient Egypt. Journal of Egyptian Archaeology 24:198–99.

Lucas, A. 1938. The route of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. London: Edward Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A. 1939. Glass figures. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte 39:227–35; 333–34.

Lucas, A. 1942. Obsidian. Annales du Service des Antiquities de L'Égypte 39:272–74.

Lucas, A. 1948. Ancient Egyptian materials and industries. Rev. ed.London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A., and J.R. Harris. 1989. Ancient Egyptian materials and industries. Rev. ed. London: Histories and Mysteries of Man.


2 NEWSPAPER ARTICLES

Lucas, A. 1923. Saving the fabrics: Some curiosities of disintegration. Times (London), February 3.

Lucas, A. 1923. Tells of restoring objects: Alfred Lucas explains treatment of Tut-ankh-amen treasures. New York Times, February 7.

Lucas, A. 1923. Experts at work: The triumphs of science. Times (London), February 10.

Lucas, A. 1923. Luxor tomb problem: Scarlet on gold. Times (London), March 19.

Lucas, A. 1923. Tomb may yield new color ideas, scarlets, yellows, pinks and grays on Tutankhamen's treasure will be analyzed, decay also to be studied, scientists will try to determine. New York Times, March 19.

Lucas, A. 1923. Problems for Luxor experts: The work of preservation. Times (London), April 3.

Lucas, A. 1923. Tutankhamen's tomb: Some interesting chemical problems. Times (London), April 5.



REFERENCES

Antiquaries Journal.1946. Alfred Lucas. Antiquaries Journal26: 231.

Ball, W. L., R.Engelbach, D. S.Gracie, H. E.Hurst, and L. F.McCallum. 1946. Mr. Alfred Lucas, O.B.E. Nature3988: 433–34.

Bobolines, Spyros Ant., and Konst. Ant.Bobolines, eds.1958–62. Mega Hellenikon biographikon lexikon. Athens: Ekdosis Biomechanikes Epitheireseos. 1:85–103s.v. Rhousopoulos, O. A.

Brunton, G.1930. Qau and Badari III. London: British School of Archaeology in Egypt.

Brunton, G.1939. Some notes on the burial of Shashanq Heqa-Kheper-re. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte39:541–47.

Brunton, G.1947. Alfred Lucas, 1867–1945. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte47:1–6.

Caldararo, N. L.1987. An outline history of conservation in archaeology and anthropology as presented through its publications. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation26:85–104.

Carter, H., and A. C.Mace. 1927–33. The tomb of Tutankhamun.3 vols. London: Cassell and Co.

Cooper, A.1989. Cairo in the war, 1939–45. London: Hamish Hamilton.

Coremans, P.1946–47. Alfred Lucas. Egypte Pharaonique21:205–6, 22:301–4.

Drower, M. S.1985. Flinders Petrie: A life in archaeology. London: Victor Gollancz.

Edwards, I.E.S.1993. Personal communication. Curator of Egyptology (retired), British Museum.

Egyptian Gazette. 1922a. Egypt's Sherlock Holmes, forensic chemistry, crime and the chemist, Mr. A. Lucas's book. Egyptian Gazette, April 10.

Egyptian Gazette. 1922b. Egypt's Sherlock Holmes, forensic chemistry, Mr. A. Lucas's book, the tale of a shirt. Egyptian Gazette, April 11.

Egyptian Gazette. 1922c. Egypt's Sherlock Holmes, forensic chemistry, Mr. A. Lucas's book, the hand-writing and nationality. Egyptian Gazette, April 14.

Egyptian Gazette. 1922d. Egypt's Sherlock Holmes, examples of forensic chemistry, dust and dirt, explosives and explosions. Egyptian Gazette, April 27.

Egyptian Gazette. 1922e. Egypt's Sherlock Holmes, forensic chemistry, Mr. A. Lucas's book, stains and marks. Egyptian Gazette, April 29.

Egyptian Gazette. 1923a. Tutankhamen tomb: Some interesting chemical problems. Egyptian Gazette, March 22.

Egyptian Gazette. 1923b. Tutankhamen tomb: Intensive work in the laboratories. Egyptian Gazette, March 27.

Egyptian Gazette. 1923c. Tutankhamen tomb: Some interesting chemical problems. Egyptian Gazette, April 5.

Egyptian Gazette. 1923d. The great conspiracy trial, amazing story of intrigue, revolvers, bombs and poison. Egyptian Gazette, April 21.

Egyptian Gazette. 1923e. The great conspiracy trial, the attack on Mr. T. W. Brown, plan to use poisoned arrows. Egyptian Gazette, April 23.

Englebach, R.1945. Alfred Lucas dies in Harness. Egyptian Gazette, December 9.

Engelbach, R.1946. Introduction to Egyptian archaeology. Cairo: Imprimerie de l'Institut Francais d'Archeologie Orientale.

Fakhry, A.1947a. A note on the tomb of Khreuef at Thebes. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte42:44–451.

Fakhry, A.1947b. A report on the inspectorate of upper Egypt. Annales du Service des Antiquités de L'Égypte46: 25–61.

Fink, C.G., and A. H.Kopp. 1933. Ancient Egyptian antimony plating on copper objects. Metropolitan Museum Studies4:163–67.

Gilberg, M.1987. Friedrich Rathgen: The father of modern archaeological conservation. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation26:105–20.

Gummel, H. 1938. Forschungsgeschichte in Deutschland. Berlin: W. de Gruyter.

Hammond, P. W.1993. Personal communication. Librarian, Laboratory of the Government Chemist, Teddington, Middlesex, U.K.

Hammond, P., and H.Egan. 1992. Weighed in the balance. London: HMSO.

Hoving, T.1978. Tutankhamun, the untold story. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Hurst, H. E.1945–46. Alfred Lucas. O.B.E., F.R.I.C., F.S.A. Bulletin de l'Institute d'Egypte28:163–64.

James, T.G.H.1992. Howard Carter: The path to Tutankhamen. London: Keegan Paul International.

Johnson, J.1993. Conservation and archaeology in Great Britain and the United States: A comparison. Journal of the American Institute of Conservation32:249–69.

Lee, C.1992. “… the grand piano came by camel”: Arthur C. Mace, the neglected archaeologist. London: Mainstream Publishing.

Lucas, A.1902. The disintegration of building stones in Egypt. Cairo: Geological Survey Department, Public Works Ministry.

Lucas, A.1920. Legal chemistry and scientific criminal investigation. New York: Longmans, Green and Co.

Lucas, A.1921. Forensic chemistry. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A.1923a. Tutankhamen's tomb: Some interesting chemical problems. Times (London), April 5.

Lucas, A.1923b. Letter to H. E. Winock. March 3, 1927. Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Lucas, A.1923c. Letter to Fairman, June 21, 1943. Griffith Institute, Ashmolean Museum, Oxford.

Lucas, A.1924. Antiquities: Their restoration and preservation. London: E. Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A.1926. Ancient Egyptian materials. London: Longmans, Green and Co.

Lucas, A.1938. The route of the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt. London: Edward Arnold and Co.

Lucas, A., and J. R.Harris. 1989. Ancient Egyptian materials and industries. Rev. ed.London: Histories and Mysteries of Man.

McLean, M., and K.McDonnell. 1992. A survey of the Howard Carter and Alfred Lucas materials resulting from the discovery and excavation of the tomb of Tutankhamun in the Griffith Archive of the Ashmolean Museum, Oxford, England, September 15–24, 1992. Los Angeles: Getty Conservation Institute.

Mitchell, C. A.1920. Review of Legal chemistry and scientific criminal investigation, by Alfred Lucas. Analyst45:245–46.

Mostyn, T.1989. Egypt's belle epoque, Cairo 1869–1952. London: Quartet Books.

New York Times. 1923a. Pharaoh's chairs restored to beauty. New York Times, April 4.

New York Times. 1923b. Saving tomb relics is chemical problem: Experts must determine character of changes in composition to preserve objects. New York Times, April 4.

New York Times. 1923c. Spend day treating pharaoh treasures. New York Times, December 13.

New York Times. 1923d. Pharaoh chariots plated with gold: Restoration reveals exquisite designs in precious stones, glass and faience. New York Times, December 24.

New York Times. 1945. Dr. Lucas, survived “pharaoh curse.” New York Times, December 10.

Otto, H.1979. Friedrich Wilhelm Rathgen. Berliner Beiträge zur Archäeometrie4:42–112.

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Plenderleith, H. J.1946. Mr. Alfred Lucas, O.B.E. Nature157:98–99.

Reisner, G. A.1928. Hetep-heres, mother of Cheops. Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts26:2–17.

Reisner, G. A.1929. The household furniture of Queen Hetep-heres. Bulletin of the Museum of Fine Arts27:83–90.

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Thomsen, T.1940. Rosenberg, Gustaf Adolf Theodor (1872–40). Berlingske Tidende, December 4.

Times (London). 1923a. The Egyptian treasure, work of removal, responsibility of the excavator. Times (London), January 31.

Times (London). 1923b. Treasures of Luxor, Lord Carnavon's description, the experts task. Times (London), January 31.

Times (London). 1923c. Treasures from the tomb, experts work at Luxor, king's wonderful sandals. Times (London), February 1.

Times (London). 1923d. Luxor's experts at work: Restoring the treasure. Times (London), February 26.

Times (London). 1923e. Luxor work continuing: Preservation of treasures. Times (London), April 9.

Times (London). 1923f. Tutankhamen's tomb: Restoration work in progress. Times (London), December 13.

Times (London). 1923g. The pharaoh tomb: Preserving the specimens. Times (London), December 20.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

MARK GILBERG received his B.S. and M.Sc. degrees from Stanford University, where he investigated the redox properties of transition metal centers. He was also a research assistant in the Department of Psychiatry, Stanford University Medical Center. He received his Ph.D. from the University of London Institute of Archaeology. In 1983 he joined the Conservation Processes Research Division of the Canadian Conservation Institute. In 1987 he was appointed scientific officer in the Materials Conservation Division of the Australian Museum. Since 1994 he has been research coordinator for the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training. Address: NCPTT, National Park Service, NSU Box 5682, Natchitoches, La. 71497.


Copyright © 1997 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works