JAIC 1998, Volume 37, Number 1, Article 7 (pp. 89 to 110)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1998, Volume 37, Number 1, Article 7 (pp. 89 to 110)

LOSS COMPENSATION METHODS FOR STONE

JOHN GRISWOLD, & SARI URICHECK



NOTES

1. “Plastic” defines a physical property of the fill material and not the class of materials. Plastic repairs can be made from a completely inorganic, nonpolymer material. By definition (in engineering terms) if a substance retains deformation caused by an applied pressure, it is a plastic material. The opposite of a plastic material is an elastic material, which resumes its shape after the applied pressure is removed.

2. “Dutchmen” is a slang term first used by English stonemasons. It was originally a derogatory way of describing the replacement of a damaged part of a stone with a small insert for the damaged area, considered the lazy alternative to replacing the entire element. It is now a commonly recognized term.

3. The term “putty” is formally defined as a lime putty (a fine mortar of slaked lime and water) but has been adapted to describe any finely divided mixture.



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FURTHER READING

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SOURCES OF MATERIALS

Akemi Marmorkit 1000

Wood and Stone, Inc., 10115 Residency Rd., Manassas, Va. 22110

Araldite AY Epoxies

Ciba-Geigy Corporation, Seven Skyline Dr., Hawthorne, N.Y. 10532-2188

Carbone #AB-123 Putty

Martin R. Carbone, Inc., 2519 Bath St., Santa Barbara, Calif. 93105

Edison Coatings

Edison Coatings, Inc., Waterbury, Conn.

Epotek epoxies

Epoxy Technology, Inc., 14 Fortune Dr., Billerica, Mass. 01821

Ethylene acrylic acid copolymers A-C 540 and 580

Allied Signal Corp., A-C Performance Additives, P.O. Box 2332, Morristown, N.J. 07962-2332

Glass microspheres from 3M Corporation

Conservation Support Systems, 924 W. Pedregosa St., Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

HXTAL NYL-1

Conservation Materials, Ltd., P.O. Box 2884, Sparks, Nev. 89431

Irganox, antioxidan T and thermal stabilizer

Ciba-Geigy Corp., Seven Skyline Dr., Hawthorne, N.Y. 10532-2188

Jahn Mortars

Cathedral Stoneworks, 8332 Bristol Ct. #107, Jessup, Md. 20794

Liquitex modeling pastes

Binney & Smith, Inc., Easton, Pa. 18044-0431

Milliput

Milliput Corp., Unit 5, The Marion, Dolgellau, Mid Wales LL40 1UU, U.K.

Permafill

Bondfast Co., Bridgewater, N.J. 08807

Pliacre

Philadelphia Resins Corp., 20 Commerce Dr., Montgomeryville, Pa. 18936

Polyfilla

Conservation Materials, Ltd., P.O. Box 2884, Sparks, Nev. 89431

Polyvinyl acetate resins PVAC AYAA and AYAC

Union Carbide Corp., Specialty Chemicals and Plastics, Old Ridgebury Rd., Danbury, Conn. 06817

Polyfix

Lepage's Ltd., Bramalea, Ontario L6T 2J4, Canada

Thompson's #5 White Hard Fusing Glass Enamel Powder

Thompson Enamel, a division of Ceramic Coating Co., 650 Colfax Ave., Bellevue, Ky. 41073


AUTHOR INFORMATION

JOHN GRISWOLD received his B.A. in art history from the University of California at Irvine and a master's of art conservation (research) from Queen's University, Ontario, Canada. He is a partner in Wharton & Griswold Associates, a private conservation firm based in Los Angeles and Santa Barbara, California, specializing in the conservation of objects and architectural elements. He is a Professional Associate of AIC, and a past chair of the AIC Objects Specialty Group. He is currently president of the Western Association for Art Conservation (WAAC). Address: Wharton & Griswold Associates, 549 Hot Springs Rd., Santa Barbara, Calif. 93108.

SARI URICHECK received her bachelor's degree in chemistry from Johns Hopkins University and is currently studying conservation at the Conservation Center, Institute of Fine Arts, New York University. Address: New York University, Institute of Fine Arts, 14 E. 78th St., New York, N.Y. 10021.


Copyright © 1998 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works