VERTICAL GRADIENTS OF POLLUTANT CONCENTRATIONS AND DEPOSITION FLUXES ON A TALL LIMESTONE BUILDING
VICKEN ETYMEZIAN, CLIFF I. DAVIDSON, SUSAN FINGER, MARY F. STRIEGEL, NOEMI BARABAS, & JUDITH C. CHOW
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SOURCES OF MATERIALSPolyethylene Bags
Clean Room Products Inc., 1800 Ocean Ave., Ronkonkoma, N.Y. 11779-6532Polycarbonate Membrane Filters
Costar, One Alewife Center, Cambridge, Mass. 02140Ion Chromotagraph
Dionex Corp., 228 Titan Way, Sunnyvale, Calif. 94088-3603Methanol
Fisher Scientific, 711 Forbes Ave., Pittsburgh, Pa. 15219-4785Teflon Zefluor and Nylasorb Filters
Gelman Sciences, 600 S. Wagner Rd., Ann Arbor, Mich. 48106Metering Valve
Hoke, One Tenakill Park, Cresskill, N.J. 07626Stainless Steel Filter Holders
Millipore Corp., 80 Ashby Rd., Bedford, Mass. 01730Quartz Fiber Filters
Pallflex Corp., 125 Kennedy Dr., Putnam, Conn. 06260Teflon Filter Packs
Savillex Corp., 6133 Baker Rd., Minnetonka, Minn.55345Dry Test Meter
Singer Corp., Product division closedLaser Particle Counters
TSI Inc., P.O. Box 64394, St. Paul, Minn. 55164Potassium Carbonate Impregnated Cellulose Filter
Whatman, 9 Bridgewell Place, Clifton, N.J. 07014
VICKEN ETYEMEZIAN is a doctoral student at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). He received combined bachelor degrees in physics and engineering from Occidental College and the California Institute of Technology, respectively, and a master's of science in environmental engineering from the Johns Hopkins University. His research has focused on the effects of atmospheric pollutants on sensitive building materials, with an emphasis on dry deposition and surface rain washing. Some of his other interests include policies for sustainable environments in developing countries, urban and remote atmospheric chemistry, contaminant transport in groundwater, and innovative solutions for wastewater treatment. Address: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Carnegie Mellon University, Pittsburgh, Pa. 15213.
CLIFF I. DAVIDSON is professor of civil and environmental engineering and engineering and public policy at Carnegie Mellon University (CMU). He is also director of the Environmental Institute at CMU. His main research interests involve atmospheric pollutants, focusing on the way particles and gases are transported through the atmosphere, the mechanisms by which particles and gases deposit from the atmosphere onto different types of surfaces, and historical trends in air pollution levels. His main educational activities include developing material that can be used broadly in basic science and engineering courses to increase student awareness of environmental issues. Address as for Etyemezian.
SUSAN FINGER is on the faculty of the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at Carnegie Mellon University. She is also affiliated with the Engineering Design Research Center, the Robotics Institute, and the Department of Mechanical Engineering. She is a founder and co-editor-in-chief of the journal Research in Engineering Design. Her research interests include representation languages for designs, integration of design and manufacturing concerns, and computer-aided engineering. Address as for Etyemezian.
MARY F. STRIEGEL currently serves as the materials research program coordinator for the National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, where she is responsible for the supervision of in-house and external research on the effects of air pollution on cultural resources. Before going to NCPTT, she was a researcher with the Getty Conservation Institute. She holds bachelor degrees in fine arts and chemistry from the University of Louisville, a master's degree in analytical chemistry from Indiana University–Purdue University in Indianapolis, and a doctoral degree in inorganic chemistry from Washington University in St. Louis. Address: National Center for Preservation Technology and Training, NSU, Box 5682, Natchitoches, La. 71497.
NOEMI BARABAS received a bachelor's of science degree in chemical engineering and public policy with a minor in environmental engineering from Carnegie Mellon University. She is completing work on a master's degree (with subsequent Ph.D.) in environmental engineering in the Water Resources and Environmental Engineering Program at the University of Michigan. Her interests are water resource management and policy and its application in Eastern Europe. Address: Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of Michigan, 116 EWRE Building, 1351 Beal Ave., Ann Arbor, Mich. 48109.
JUDITH C. CHOW, research professor in the Energy and Environmental Engineering Center (EEEC) at the Desert Research Institute (DRI), University and Community College system of Nevada, has more than 19 years of experience in conducting air quality studies and performing statistical data analysis. She directs DRI's Environmental Analysis Facility, where she supervises filter processing and chemical operations. Dr. Chow has extensive experience in program planning; ambient and source sampling from urban and nonurban areas; gravimetric, x-ray fluorescence, atomic absorption spectrophotometric, ion chromatographic, automated colorimetric, and thermal/optical reflectance carbon analyses of filter samples, as well as interpretive statistical data analyses, principal component analyses, such as multivariate statistical analysis, and chemical mass balance receptor modeling. Address: Desert Research Institute, 5625 Fox Ave., P.O. Box 60220, Reno, Nev. 89506.