JAIC 1999, Volume 38, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 21 to 32)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 1999, Volume 38, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 21 to 32)

THE AMERICAN ARTIST'S TOOLS AND MATERIALS FOR ON-SITE OIL SKETCHING

ALEXANDER KATLAN



NOTES

1. The term “stencil mark,” not “canvas mark,” is used, as these colormen marks have been found on stretchers, panels, and frames as well as canvases. Although it is correct that the majority of these marks have been found on canvases, I believe that the term “stencil mark” is a more descriptive term as it describes the process of application onto the canvas, stretcher, panel, or frame. “Canvas mark” implies only canvas.

2. American manufacturing of artists' pigments appears to have begun in the early 19th century when Cholwell & Mercein had a “manufactory” of watercolors located at 178 Front Street, New York, N.Y.



REFERENCES

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Bomford, D., J.Kirby, J.Leighton, and A.Roy. 1990. Impressionism. New Haven: Yale University Press.

Collins, Albert G.1863. Improvement in painters' panels. U.S. Patent #39,362.

Conisbee, P., S.Fuance, J., Galassi, and J., Strick. 1996. In the light of Italy: Corot and early open-air painting. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art.

N. D.Cotton & Co. ca. 1844–52. Trade catalog. Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, Archives Center, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

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FrederickWeber & Co. 1929. Trade catalog. Warshaw Collection of Business Americana, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.

Winsor & Newton, Ltd. ca. 1835. Trade catalog. Archives Collection Winsor & Newton, Ltd., Reckitt & Colman Leisure, Ltd., London.

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Winsor & Newton, Ltd. 1863. Trade catalog. Archives Collection, Winsor & Newton, Ltd., Reckitt & Colman Leisure, Ltd., London.

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FURTHER READING

Katlan, A. W.1992. American artists' materials, vol.2: A guide to stretchers, panels, millboards and stencil marks. Madison, Conn.: Sound View Press.

Turner, J.1992. Brushes: A handbook for artists and artisans. New York: Design Press.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

ALEXANDER W. KATLAN is an independent painting conservator in New York City. He holds a B.A. from Lake Forest College, an M.F.A. in painting conservation from Villa Schifanoia in Florence, Italy, and an M.A. in art history from Queens College, City University of New York. His research has emphasized 19th-century American art materials. Address: 56-38 Main St., Flushing, N.Y. 11355


Copyright 1999 American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works