ALVAR AND BUTVAR: THE USE OF POLYVINYL ACETAL RESINS FOR THE TREATMENT OF THE WOODEN ARTIFACTS FROM GORDION, TURKEY
KRYSIA E. SPIRYDOWICZ, ELIZABETH SIMPSON, ROBERT A. BLANCHETTE, ARNO P. SCHNIEWIND, MAURAY K. TOUTLOFF, & ALISON MURRAY
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KRYSIA E. SPIRYDOWICZ is associate professor in the Art Conservation Program, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. From 1979 to 1985, she held the position of coordinator of the Art Conservation Techniques Program at Sir Sandford Fleming College, Peterborough, Ontario. Her research interests include the conservation of wooden artifacts and archaeological materials. Ms. Spirydowicz has participated in numerous international projects in Italy, Israel, the Sudan, and Iran. Since 1990, she has held the position of senior conservator for the Gordion Furniture Project, based at the Museum of Anatolian Civilizations in Ankara, Turkey. Address: Art Conservation Program, Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario K7L 3N6, Canada
ELIZABETH SIMPSON, Ph. D., is associate professor of Ancient Art with the Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts in New York. In 1981, she established the Gordion Furniture Project for the purposes of conservation, research, and publication of the royal wooden furniture from Gordion, Turkey. As director of the project, she has published extensively on the subjects of Phrygian furniture and ancient woodworking technology. In 1995, she organized an important international conference to discuss issues surrounding the restitution of cultural property looted during World War II, and she subsequently edited the volume of conference papers entitled Spoils of War. Address: Bard Graduate Center for Studies in the Decorative Arts, 18 West 86th Street, NewYork, N. Y. 10024
ROBERT A. BLANCHETTE, Ph. D., is a professor in the Department of Plant Pathology at the University of Minnesota. His research activities on wood microbiology and biodeterioration have focused on elucidating degradation processes in archaeological wood from different environments. His most recent work involves an assessment of biodeterioration in extreme environments, ranging from the historic huts of the Ross Sea Region of Antarctica to the buried tomb within Tumulus MM at Gordion, Turkey. Address: Department of Plant Pathology, 1991 Upper Buford Circle, 495 Borlaug Hall, University of Minnesota, St. Paul, Minn. 55108-6030. E-mail: email@example.com
ARNO P. SCHNIEWIND is Professor of Forestry, Emeritus, and has been associated with the Forest Products Laboratory of the University of California since 1956. He became interested in the application of wood science to the conservation of wood artifacts in 1982, and has been a member of AIC since 1984. He has recently been working on a book on conservation of wood artifacts together with a husband-and-wife team in Germany. Address: University of California, Forest Products Laboratory, 1301 South 46th St., Richmond, Calif. 94804-4698
MAURAY K. TOUTLOFF received her B. Sc. in biology from the University of Regina in Saskatchewan in 1996, and her M. A.C. from Queen's University in 1999. She is currently working as a private conservator in Victoria, British Columbia. Address: 125 Kingston St.,Victoria, British Columbia, V8V 1V3, Canada
ALISON MURRAY is assistant professor in the Art Conservation Program at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario. She received her honors B. Sc. in chemistry from McGill University and her M. Sc. and Ph. D. degrees in materials science and engineering with a specialization in conservation science from a joint program between Johns Hopkins University and the Smithsonian Institution. She has held fellowships at the Analytical Research Services Division, Canadian Conservation Institute, and in the Scientific Department, National Gallery, London, the latter funded by the Samuel H. Kress Foundation. Her areas of research include the investigation of degradation in art objects using microscopy, nondestructive methods, and other analytical techniques, as well as the identification of artists' materials and techniques. Address as for Spirydowicz