JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 3, Article 4 (pp. 255 to 268)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 3, Article 4 (pp. 255 to 268)

ANTIFUNGAL PROTECTION AND SIZING OF PAPER WITH CHITOSAN SALTS AND CELLULOSE ETHERS. PART 2, ANTIFUNGAL EFFECTS

MARIA DEL PILAR PONCE-JIMÉNEZ, FERNANDO A. LÓPEZ-DELLAMARY TORAL, & HUMBERTO GUTIERREZ-PULIDO


ABSTRACT—In search of alternatives for the professional conservator to use in the struggle against fungi that deteriorate paper documents, we decided to research chitosan, given its antimolding and strengthening properties. This, the second of two articles on the results, reports on the antifungal effects. We used samples of Whatman no. 1 filter paper sized with three chitosan salts—chitosan acetate (AQ), chitosan butyrate (BQ), and chitosan propionate (PQ)—and three cellulose ethers— carboxymethylcellulose (CMC), methylcellulose (MC), and hydroxypropylmethylcellulose (HPMC). They were sterilized with ethylene oxide (EtO) and inoculated with Chaetomium globosum, Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus terreus, Alternaria alternata, Penicillium sp., and Chaetomium britannicum spores. After the biological tests, chitosan salts showed considerably more antifungal resistance and improved resistance in paper compared with cellulose ethers.
[Spanish Abstract] [French Abstract]

Article Sections:

1. INTRODUCTION
2. METHODOLOGY
3. RESULTS
4. DISCUSSION
5. CONCLUSIONS
a: Appendix , Materials , References , Author Information
Entire Article

Copyright © 2002 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works