JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 3, Article 6 (pp. 279 to 290)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 3, Article 6 (pp. 279 to 290)

EFFECTS OF ENCLOSURE PAPERS AND PAPERBOARDS CONTAINING LIGNINS ON PHOTOGRAPHIC IMAGE STABILITY

DANIEL M. BURGE, JAMES M. REILLY, & DOUGLAS W. NISHIMURA




REFERENCES

Adelstein, P. Z., J. M.Reilly, D. W.Nishimura, C. J.Erbland, and J. L.Bigourdan. 1995. Stability of cellulose ester base photographic film. Part 5, Recent findings.Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers Journal104:439–47.

ASTM. 1996. Determination of alkalinity of paper as calcium carbonate (alkaline reserve test of paper), D 4988–96. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

Bégin, P., S.Deschâtelets, D.Grattan, N.Gurnagul, J.Iraci, E.Kaminska, D.Woods, and X.Zou. 1998. The impact of lignin on paper permanence: A comprehensive study of the aging behavior of handsheets and commercial paper samples.Restaurator19:135–54.

Biermann, C. J.1996. Handbook of pulping and papermaking. San Diego: Academic Press.

Carroll, J. F., and J. M.Calhoun. 1955. Effect of nitrogen oxide gases on processed safety film.Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers Journal64:501–7.

Collings, T. J., and F. J.Young. 1976. Improvements in some tests and techniques in photograph conservation.Studies in Conservation21:79–84.

ISO. 1999. Photography: Processed photographic materials, Photographic activity test for enclosure materials, 14523:1999. Geneva: International Organization for Standardization.

Oddy, W. A.1973. An unsuspected danger in display.Museums Journal73:27–28.

Oddy, W. A.1975. The corrosion of metals on display. In Conservation in archeology and the applied arts,ed. D.Leigh et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 235–37.

Schmidt, J. A., C. S.Rye, and N.Gurnagul. 1995. Lignin inhibits auto-oxidative degradation of cellulose.Polymer Degradation and Stability49:291–97.

TAPPI. 1988. Solvent extractives of wood and pulp, T204 om-88. Atlanta: Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry.

TAPPI. 1993. Fiber analysis of paper and paperboard, T401 om-93. Atlanta: Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry.

TAPPI. 1996. Hydrogen ion concentration (pH) of paper extracts (cold extraction method), T509 om-96. Atlanta: Technical Association of the Pulp and Paper Industry.



SOURCES OF MATERIALS

Chipboard

Campus Connections Rochester Institute of Technology 1 Lomb Memorial Dr. Rochester, N. Y. 14623

Conservation board and PVA glue

Light Impressions P.O. Box 787 Brea, Calif. 92822-0787


AUTHOR INFORMATION

DANIEL M. BURGE received his bachelor of science in photographic and imaging technology from the Rochester Institute of Technology in 1991 and is currently a research scientist at the Image Permanence Institute. Address: Image Permanence Institute, Rochester Institute of Technology, Rochester, N.Y. 14623.

JAMES M. REILLY graduated with a B. A. from Franklin and Marshall College in 1968 and an M. A. from the State University of New York at Buffalo in 1972. He has continued his education in science at the Rochester Institute of Technology. In 1984 he was appointed director of the Photo Preservation Laboratory at the Rochester Institute of Technology, and the following year he organized and was made director of the Image Permanence Institute at the same institution. He is also a full professor in the College of Imaging Arts and Science. Address as for Burge.

DOUGLAS W. NISHIMURA received his bachelor of science in chemistry from McMaster University in Canada. He worked for the Public Archives of Canada (National Archives of Canada) from 1983 to 1986 under the direction of Dr. Klaus B. Hendriks. From 1986 to the present, he has been a senior research scientist at the Image Permanence Institute. Address as for Burge.


Copyright © 2002 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works