JAIC 2003, Volume 42, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 141 to 166)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2003, Volume 42, Number 2, Article 2 (pp. 141 to 166)

DOES LOW-TEMPERATURE PEST MANAGEMENT CAUSE DAMAGE? LITERATURE REVIEW AND OBSERVATIONAL STUDY OF ETHNOGRAPHIC ARTIFACTS

ELLEN CARRLEE




REFERENCES

Ackery, P. A., A.Doyle, and D.Pinniger. 2000. Are low temperature pest disinfestation procedures safe? Biology Curator18:28–30.

Adelstein, P. Z., J. L.Bigourdan, and J. M.Reilly. 1997. Moisture relationships of photographic film. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation36:193–206.

Baker, M. T.1995. Thermal studies on ancient and modern rubber: Environmental information contained in crystallized rubber. In Resins: Ancient and modern, ed. M. M.Wright and J. H.Townsend. Edinburgh: Scottish Society for Conservation and Restoration. 53–56.

Baughman, M.1999. Approaches to insect problems in paper and books. Austin: Harry Ransom Humanities Research Center. www.hrc.utexas.edu/cons_web/bug_monitoring_99.html (accessed 2001).

Berkouwer, M.1994. Freezing to eradicate insect pests in textiles at Brodsworth Hall. Conservator18:15–22.

Björdal, L.1998. Effects of repeated freezing on paper strength. Proceedings of the Third Nordic Symposium on Insect Pest Control in Museums. Stockholm, Sweden: Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. 54–56.

Dawley, C. A.1993. The effect of conservation freezing treatments on selected properties of wool. Master's thesis. Edmonton: University of Alberta. Department of Human Ecology.

Dehl, R. E.1970. Collagen: Mobile water content of frozen fibers. Science179(3959):728–39.

Douzou, P.1977. Crybiochemistry. New York: Academic Press. 152–59.

Elzey, D. M.2001. The effects of thermal cycling on the structure and properties of solids. Lectures given at the National Museum of the American Indian Research Branch, Bronx, New York, and Cultural Resource Center. Department of Materials Science & Engineering, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia.

Erhardt, D., and M. F.Mecklenburg. 1994. Relative humidity re-examined. Preventive conservation: Practice, theory and research. Preprints of the contributions to the Ottawa congress, September 12–16, Ottawa, ed. A.Roy and P.Smith. London: International Institute for Conservation. 32–38.

Erhardt, D., M. F.Mecklenburg, C. S.Tumosa, and T. M.Olstad. 1996. New versus old wood: Differences and similarities in physical, mechanical, and chemical properties. ICOM Committee for Conservation Preprints, 11th Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland. Paris: ICOM. 903–10.

Erlebacher, J., E. D.Brown, M. F.Mecklenburg, and C. S.Tumosa. 1992. The effects of temperature and relative humidity on the mechanical properties of modern painting materials. In Materials issues in art and archaeology, vol. 3, ed. P. B.Vandiver et al. San Francisco: Materials Research Society. 359–70.

Fahy, G. M.1995. Cryobiology: The study of life and death at low temperatures. 21st Century Medicine (accessed March 2001).

Fennema, Owen. 1981. Water activity at subfreezing temperatures. In Water activity influences on food quality, ed. L. B.Rockland and G. E.Stewart. New York: Academic Press. 713–32.

Florian, M. L.1986a. The freezing process: Effects on insects and artifact materials. Proceedings of the 12th Annual IIC-Canadian Group Conference, Winnipeg, Canada. Ottawa: IIC-Canadian Group. 43–40.

Florian, M. L.1986b. The freezing process: Effects on insects and artifact materials. Leather Conservation News3(1):1–14.

Florian, M. L.1987. The effect on artifact materials of the fumigant ethylene oxide and freezing used in insect control. ICOM Committee for Conservation preprints, 8th Triennial Meeting, Sydney, Australia. Paris: ICOM. 199–208.

Florian, M. L.1990a. Freezing for museum pest eradication. Collection Forum6(1):1–7.

Florian, M. L.1990b. The effects of freezing and freeze-drying on natural history specimens. Collection Forum6(2):45–52.

Florian, M. L.1992. Saga of the saggy bag. Leather Conservation News8:1–11.

Fogle, S.1985. Neat's foot oil in commercial products. Leather Conservation News1(2):8.

Franks, F.1985. Biophysics and biochemistry at low temperatures. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Franks, F.1995. Protein destabilization at low temperatures. In Protein stability, ed. D. S.Eisenberg and F. M.Richards. Advances in Protein Chemistry 48. New York: Academic Press. 105–39.

Gates, M., and V.Thorp. 1982. Environmental control and artifact conservation in Arctic Canada. Proceedings of the 8th Annual IIC-Canadian Group Conference, Quebec, Canada. Ottawa: IIC-Canadian Group.20.

Grattan, D. W., and R. L.Barclay. 1988. A study of gap-fillers for wooden objects. Studies in Conservation33:71–86.

Hawthorn, J., ed.1968. Low temperature biology of foodstuffs. Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Holt, L., Y.Chen, and W.Dodd. 1995. The effect on wool fabrics of multiple freeze/thaw treatments for insect control. Textile Conservation Newsletter29:28–35.

Hornbeck, S.2001. Personal communication. Conservation laboratory, National Museum of African Art, Washington, D.C.: 20560.

Horne, R. A.1969. Marine chemistry. New York: Wiley-Interscience.

Howell, D.1996. Some mechanical effects of inappropriate humidity on textiles. ICOM Committee for Conservation preprints, 11th Triennial Meeting, Edinburgh, Scotland. Paris: ICOM. 692–98.

Jansson, P., and R.Shishoo. 1998. Effect of repeated freezing treatment on the mechanical properties of new wool. Proceedings of the Third Nordic Symposium on Insect Pest Control in Museums. Stockholm, Sweden: Naturhistoriska riksmuseet. 57–60.

Jessup, W. C., and M.Ballard. 1997. Integrated pest management. AIC News22(3):1–5.

Karel, M.1975. Stability of low and intermediate moisture foods. In Freeze drying and advanced food technology, ed. S. A.Goldblith, L.Rey, and W. W.Rothmayr. New York: Academic Press. 651–63.

Karel, M.1985. Lipid oxidation, secondary reactions, and water activity of foods. In Autoxidation in food and biological systems, ed. M. G.Simic and M.Karel. New York: Plenum Press.

Kite, M.1992. Freezing test of leather repair adhesives. Leather Conservation News7(2):18–19.

Kobs, L.1997. Designing frozen foods. Food Product Design (January).

Kronkright, D. P.1990. Deterioration of art made from plant materials. In Conservation of art made from plant materials, ed. M. L.Florian, D. P.Kronkright, and R. E.Norton. Marina del Rey, Calif.: J. Paul Getty Trust. 139–93.

Lafontaine, R. H.1982. Humidistatically controlled heating: A new approach to relative humidity control in museums closed for the winter season. Journal of the International Institute for Conservation, Canadian Group7(1–2):35–41.

Lougheed, S.1988. Deteriorating glass beads on ethnographic objects: Symptoms and conservation. In Symposium 86: The care and preservation of ethnological materials, ed. R.Barclay et al. Ottawa: Canadian Conservation Institute. 99–113.

Mecklenburg, M. F., and C. S.Tumosa. 1991. Mechanical behavior of paintings subjected to changes in temperature and relative humidity. In Art in transit: Studies in the transport of paintings, ed. M. F.Mecklenburg. Washington D.C.: National Gallery of Art. 173–216.

Mecklenburg, M. F., C. S.Tumosa, and D.Erhardt. 1997. Structural response of painted wood surfaces to changes in ambient relative humidity. Painted wood: History and conservation. Proceedings of a Symposium Organized by the Wooden Artifacts Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works and the Foundation of the AIC (FAIC), Williamsburg, Virginia. Washington, D.C.: Wooden Artifacts Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works and the Foundation of the AIC. 464–83.

Michalski, S.1991. Paintings: Their response to temperature, relative humidity, shock, and vibration. In Art in transit: Studies in the transport of paintings, ed. M. F.Mecklenburg. Washington, D.C.: National Gallery of Art. 223–48.

Michalski, S.1996. Freezing wood and parchment. Paper Conservation80:11–12.

Mills, J. S., and R.White. 1987. The organic chemistry of museum objects. London: Butterworths. 134–36.

Nomura, S., A.Hiltner, J. B.Lando, and E.Baer. 1977. Interaction of water with native collagen. Biopolymers16:231–46.

Peacock, E. E.1999. A note on the effect of multiple freeze-thaw treatment on natural fiber fabrics. Studies in Conservation44:12–18.

Pearlstein, E.1986. Fatty bloom on wood sculpture from Mali. Studies in Conservation31:83–91.

Piening, H., and R.Schwarz. 1999. Using cold on the cleaning interventions of surfaces: Three techniques. Kermes: Magazine for Conservation12(36):63–68.

Pool, M. A.1997. Preliminary analysis of the effects of cold storage on fur garments and mammal skins. Collection Forum13(1–2):25–39.

Poulsen, K. P., and F.Lindelov. 1981. Acceleration of chemical reactions due to freezing. In Water activity: Influences on food quality, ed. L. B.Rockland and G. F.Stewart. New York: Academic Press. 650–78.

Raphael, T.1994. An insect pest control procedure: The freezing process. Conserve-O-Gramno. 3/6. National Park Service. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Rawlins, J.2001. Personal communication. Carnegie Museum of Natural History, Section of Invertebrate Zoology, Pittsburgh, Pa.

Reid, D. S.1987. The freezing of food tissues. In The effects of low temperatures on biological systems, ed. B. W. W.Grout and G. J.Morris. London: Edward Arnold. 478–87.

Roberts, J. D., and M. C.Caserio. 1977. Basic principles of organic chemistry. Reading, Mass.: W. A. Benjamin. 1270.

Schmidt, J. D.1985. Freeze drying of historic/cultural properties: A valuable process in restoration and documentation. Technology and Conservation (spring): 20–26.

Sehgal, S. D., and R. A.Lindberg. 1973. Materials: Their nature, properties and fabrication. Singapore: Kailash.

Shchepanek, M. J.1996. Observations of temperature and relative humidity during the cooling and warming of botanical specimens for insect pest control. Collection Forum2(1):1–7.

Starecka, D., and M.Mieczyslaw. 1986. Influence of freezing wood on its crushing strength. Annals of Warsaw Agricultural University, SGGW-AR. Forestry and Wood Technology33:43–46.

Strang, T. J.K. 1997. Controlling insect pests with low temperature. CCI Notes 3/3.

Taborsky, G.1979. Protein alterations at low temperatures: An overview. In Proteins at low temperatures, ed.OwenFennema. Advances in Chemistry Series 180. Washington, D.C.: American Chemical Society. 1–26.

Tanimura, H., and S.Yamaguchi. 1995. The freezing method for eradication of museum pest insects: The safe method for both the human body and artifacts: Experiment on Japanese artifacts and the present state of freezing method in western countries. Third International Conference on Biodeterioration of Cultural Property, Bangkok, Thailand. Bangkok: Thammasat University Press. 555–66.

Taylor, M. J.1987. Physico-chemical principles in low temperature biology. In The effects of low temperatures on biological systems, ed. B. W. W.Grout and G. J.Morris. London: Edward Arnold. 17–23.

Tennent, N. H., and T.Baird. 1985. The deterioration of mollusca collections: Identification of shell efflorescence. Studies in Conservation30:73–85.

Tímar-Balázsy, A., and D.Eastop. 1998. Chemical principles of textile conservation. London: Butterworth-Heinemann. 15–25.

Toivonen, A. L.1992. Investigation of the effects of cold winter conditions on fishing gear materials. Journal of the Textile Institute83(1):163–77.

Tumosa, C. S., M. F.Mecklenburg, D.Erhardt, and M. H.McCormick-Goodhart. 1996. A discussion of research on the effects of temperature and relative humidity on museum objects. WAAC Newsletter18(3):19–20.

Victoria and Albert Museum Conservation Department. 1970. The care of wax objects. Technical Notes on the Care of Art Objects, no. 4. London: Victoria and Albert Museum.

Williams, S. L.1991. Investigation of the causes of structural damage to teeth in natural history collections. Collection Forum7(1):13–25.

Williams, S. L., S. R.Beyer, and S.Khan. 1995. Effect of “freezing” treatments on the hydrothermal stability of collagen. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation34:107–12.

Williams, S. L., A. M.Wallace, and C.Jones. 1993. Effect of relative humidity on cranial dimensions of mammals. Collection Forum9(1):40–46.

Wolf, M., J. E.Walker, and J. G.Kapsalis. 1972. Water vapor sorption hysteresis in dehydrated food. Journal of Agricultural Food Chemistry20(5):1073–77.

Zachariassen, K. E.1985. Physiology of cold tolerance in insects. Physiological Review64(October): 799–832.



FURTHER READING

Abramov, Y. G.1975. Strength of fresh bone and bone preserved by freezing. Polymer Mechanics11(4):548–50.

Allington, C.1989. The extermination of insect pests by freezing. In Where to start, where to stop? Papers from the British Museum/MEG, Ethnographic Conservation Colloquium, occasional papers. London: Museum Ethnographers Group. 101–2.

Baker, M. T.1995. Ancient Mexican rubber artifacts and modern American spacesuits: Studies in crystallization and oxidation. In Materials issues in art and archaeology, vol. 4, ed. P. B.Vandiver et al. Pittsburgh: Materials Research Society. 223–32.

Brokerhof, A. W.1993. Icy insects: Freezing as a means of insect control. AICCM Bulletin18(3–4): 19–23.

Camuffo, D.1988. Surface moisture and conservation. European Cultural Heritage Newsletter on Research2(5):6–10.

Connell, J. J.1968. Freezing and frozen storage effect on protein of fish muscle. In Low temperature biology of foodstuffs, ed. J.Hawthorn. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 333–58.

Davies, J. D.1968. Freezing aspects in freeze drying of living cells. In Low temperature biology of foodstuffs, ed. J.Hawthorn. Oxford: Pergamon Press. 177–204.

Dean, R.1994. Cold, hard facts. Food Product Design (November).

Frankel, E. N.1998. Lipid oxidation. Dundee, Scotland: Oily Press. 216–20.

George, M. F., B. C.Cutter, and P. P. S.Chin. 1992. Freezing of water in hardboard: Absence of changes in mechanical properties. Wood and Fiber Science24(3):252–59.

Hand, H. M., C. O.Arah, D. K.McNamara, and M. F.Mecklenburg. 1992. Effects of environmental exposure on adhesively bonded joints. Construction and Building Materials6(4):227–34.

Hansen, E. F., S. N.Lee, and H.Sobel. 1992. The effects of relative humidity on some physical properties of modern vellum: Implications for the optimum relative humidity for the display and storage of parchment. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation31:325–42.

Hughes, J., C.Pearson, V.Daniel, and I.Cole. 1999. Monitoring of environmental conditions in a severe climate: How this can assist in development of conservation strategies for historic buildings and artifacts in Antarctica. ICOM Committee for Conservation preprints, 12th Triennial Meeting, Lyon, France. London: ICOM. 57–64.

Hughes, J.1988. The problems of preservation in a polar climate: The conservation of Sir Douglas Mawson's huts at Commonwealth Bay, Antarctica. AICCM Bulletin14(3–4): 1–32.

Kolesnichenko, A. V., A. V.Zykova, O. I.Grabelnych, V. V.Tourchaninova, and V. K.Voinikov. 2001. The study of cold stress on lipid peroxidation at different mitochondrial respiratory chain complexes function in mitochondria. Maize Genetics Corporation Newsletter75(10):1–23.

Koslov, P. V., and G. I.Burdygina. 1983. The structure and properties of solid gelatin and principles of their modification. Polymer24:651–66.

Lafontaine, R. H., and P. A.Wood. 1982. The stabilization of ivory against relative humidity fluctuations. Studies in Conservation27:109–17.

McCormick-Goodhart, M. H.1996. Moisture content isolines and the glass transition of photographic gelatin: Their significance to cold storage and accelerated aging. Research techniques in photographic conservation. Proceedings of the Conference in Copenhagen, May 14–191995. Kobenhavn: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts. School of Conservation. 65–70.

Mecklenburg, M. F., C. S.Tumosa, and N.Wyplosz. 1995. The effects of relative humidity on the structural response of selected wood samples in the crossgrained direction. In Materials issues in art and archaeology, vol. 4, ed. P. B.Vandiver et al. Pittsburgh: Materials Research Society. 305–24.

Mecklenburg, M. F.1988. The effects of atmospheric moisture on the mechanical properties of collagen under equilibrium conditions. AIC Preprints. American Institute for Conservation 16th Annual Meeting, New Orleans. Washington, D.C.: AIC. 231–44.

Michalski, S.1993. Relative humidity: A discussion of correct/incorrect values. ICOM Committee for Conservation preprints, 10th Triennial Meeting, Washington, D.C.: Paris: ICOM. 624–29.

Reedy, T. J. and C. L.Reedy. 1992. Principles of experimental design for art conservation research. Marina del Rey, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute.

Rijksdijk, J. F., and P. B.Laming. 1994. Physical and related properties of 145 timbers: Information for practice. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer Academic Publishers Group.

Strang, T. J.K. 1995. A brief guide to thermal and controlled atmosphere treatments for insect eradication. Preventive Conservation1:4–5.

Strang, T. J. K.1995. The effect of thermal methods of pest control on museum collections. Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biodeterioration of Cultural Property, Bangkok, Thailand. Bangkok: Thammasat University Press. 334–53.

Toishi, K., and T.Gotoh. 1994. A note on the movement of moisture between the components in a sealed package. Studies in Conservation34(4):265–71.

Waller, R.1992. Temperature and humidity-sensitive mineralogical and petrological specimens. In The care and conservation of geological material: Minerals, rocks, meteorites, and lunar finds, ed. F. M.Howie. Guildford, U. K.: Butterworth-Heinemann. 25–50.

White, B. S.1991. The influence of humidity on corrosion rate. Corrosion Prevention and Control. 39(6):154–56.

Wilkinson, R. S.1980. Further observations on freezing insects for storage. Entomologist's Record and Journal of Variation92(11–12): 273–74.

Williams, M. A.1987. Furniture deterioration: Temperature and relative humidity. Antique Review13(2):17–20.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

ELLEN CARRLEE received her B.A. in art history from the University of Wisconsin–Madison in 1995 and her M.A. in art history with a diploma in conservation from New York University in 2000. She completed graduate conservation internships at the Corning Museum of Glass in Corning, New York, and the Peabody Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology at Harvard University as well as a postgraduate Mellon Fellowship at the National Museum of the American Indian, Smithsonian Institution. Currently she is the curator of collections and exhibits at the Juneau–Douglas City Museum in Juneau, Alaska. Address: City Museum, 155 South Seward Street, Juneau, AK 99801.


Copyright © 2003 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works