JAIC 2004, Volume 43, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 23 to 37)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2004, Volume 43, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 23 to 37)

AN EVALUATION OF FOUR BARRIER-COATING AND EPOXY COMBINATIONS IN THE STRUCTURAL REPAIR OF WOODEN OBJECTS

LISA ELLIS, & ARLEN HEGINBOTHAM




SOURCES OF MATERIALS

Paraloid B-67, polyisobutyl methacrylate

Conservation Support Systems Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

Butvar B-98, polyvinyl butyral resin

Conservation Support Systems Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

Ciba Araldite AV 1253, Vantico Inc.

Conservation Support Systems Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

Paraloid B-72, copolymer of ethyl methacrylate and methylacrylate

Conservation Support Systems Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

Shell Mineral Spirits 135, slow evaporating, 15% aromatic content

Conservation Support Systems Santa Barbara, Calif. 93101

Titebond Liquid Hide Glue

Franklin International Columbus, Ohio 43207



REFERENCES

ASTM. 2001a. Standard practice for dealing with outlying observations, E178-94. In Annual book of ASTM standards. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

ASTM. 2001b. Standard test methods for small clear specimens of lumber, D143-94 (reapproved 2000). In Annual book of ASTM standards. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

ASTM. 2001c. Standard test method for strength properties of adhesive bonds in shear by compressive loading, D905-98. In Annual book of ASTM standards. Philadelphia: American Society for Testing and Materials.

Anderson, M. J., and M. S.Podmaniczky. 1990. Preserving the artifact: minimally intrusive conservation treatment at the Winterthur Museum. Papers from the Wooden Artifacts Group, ed. M. J.Anderson. Wooden Artifacts Specialty Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works.

Buck, S. L.1990. A study of the properties of commercial hide glue and traditional hot hide glue in response to changes in relative humidity and temperature. Papers from the Wooden Artifacts Group, ed. M. J.Anderson. Wooden Artifacts Specialty Group of the American Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works.

Ciba Specialty Chemicals Corp., North America. 2001. Araldite 1253 packaging materials. East Lansing, Mich.

Down, J. L.2001. Review of CCI research on epoxy resin adhesives for glass conservation. Reviews in Conservation2:39–46.

Horie, C. V.1987. Materials for conservation. London: Butterworths.

Monsanto Co.1994. Butvar polyvinyl butyral resin: Properties and uses, pub. 2008084B. St. Louis, Mo.

Neher, A.1996. Radio frequency heating and the reversibility of animal glue in furniture joinery. UKIC Conservation News59:35–37.

Podany, J., K. M.Garland, W. R.Freeman, and J.Rogers. 2001. Paraloid B-72 as a structural adhesive and as a barrier within structural adhesive bonds: Evaluations of strength and reversibility. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation40:15–33.

Podmaniczky, M. S.2003. Personal communication. Furniture conservation department, Winterthur Museum, Winterthur, Delaware.

Spirydowicz, K., E.Simpson, R. A.Blanchette, A.Schniewind, M. K.Toutloff, and A.Murray. 2001. Alvar and Butvar: The use of polyvinyl acetal resins for the treatment of the wooden artifacts from Gordion, Turkey. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation40:43–57.

Vantico Inc.2002. Product data, Araldite AV-1253/HV-1253. Available from Advanced Materials Division, Huntsman Polyurethanes, Everberg, Belgium.



FURTHER READING

Blackshaw, S. M., and S. E.Ward. 1983. Simple tests for assessing materials for use in conservation. In The Proceedings of the Symposium Resins in Conservation, ed. J. O.Tate, N. H.Tennent, and J. H.Townsend. Edinburgh: Scottish Society for Conservation and Restoration. 2.1–2.15.

Bradley, S.1984. Strength testing of adhesives and consolidants for conservation purposes. In Adhesives and Consolidants, ed. N. S.Brommelle et al. London: International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works. 22–24.

Down, J. L., J.MacDonald, J.Tetreault, and R. S.Williams. 1996. Adhesive testing at the Canadian Conservation Institute, past and future. Studies in Conservation41:19–44.

Koob, Stephen P.1986. The use of Paraloid B-72 as an adhesive: Its application for archaeological ceramics and other materials. Studies in Conservation31:7–14.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

LISA ELLIS is currently the Sherman Fairchild Fellow at the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The work described in this paper was conducted while she was a graduate intern in the Decorative Arts and Sculpture Conservation department at the J. Paul Getty Museum. She has graduate degrees in art history from the University of Toronto and art conservation from Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, Canada. She has held internships at the Society for the Preservation of New England Antiquities, The Art Gallery of Ontario, Parks Canada, the Institute of Nautical Archaeology's Bodrum Laboratory in Turkey, and the Agora Excavations in Athens. Address: Museum of Fine Arts, Boston, Objects Conservation, 465 Huntington Ave., Boston, Mass. 02115; lellis@mfa.org

ARLEN HEGINBOTHAM is assistant conservator of decorative arts and sculpture at the J. Paul Getty Museum in Los Angeles, California. Since taking an interest in art conservation in 1990, he has worked in several private furniture conservation studios, including most recently Robert Mussey Associates in Boston, Massachusetts. He has also held internships and technician positions at the Yale Peabody Museum of Natural History, the Isabella Stuart Gardner Museum, and the Philadelphia Museum of Art. He received his B.A. in East Asian studies from Stanford University in 1989 and his M.A. in art conservation from Buffalo State College in 1999. Address: Decorative Arts and Sculpture Conservation Department, J. Paul Getty Museum, 1200 Getty Center Dr., Suite 1000, Los Angeles, Calif. 90049-1687; ahegin-botham@getty.edu


Copyright 2004 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works