JAIC 2005, Volume 44, Number 2, Article 3 (pp. 95 to 102)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2005, Volume 44, Number 2, Article 3 (pp. 95 to 102)

SHORT COMMUNICATION ORIGINAL PATENTS AS AN AID TO THE STUDY OF THE HISTORY AND COMPOSITION OF SEMISYNTHETIC PLASTICS

SILVIA GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ-VILLA, & MARGARITA SAN ANDRÉS MOYA




REFERENCES

Baekeland, L. H.1914. The invention of celluloid. Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry6(2):90–91.

Chevalier, M.1862. L'exposition universelle de 1862 á Londres: Rapports des membres de la section français du jury international.Paris: Imprimerie centrale des chemins de fer.

Commission Française sur l'Industrie des Nations. 1858. L'exposition universelle de 1851. Paris: Imprimerie Impériale.

Friedel, R.1983. Pioneer plastic: The making and selling of celluloid. Madison, Wis.: University of Wisconsin Press.

García Fernández-Villa, S., and M.San Andrés Moya. 2002. El plástico como material de interés cultural (I). Aproximación a la historia y composición de los plás-ticos de moldeo naturales y artificiales. PH Boletín del Instituto Andaluz del Patrimonio Histórico40–41:87–102.

Gerhardt, C.1854. Traité de chimie organique (suite la chimie de Berzelius). Paris: Chez Firmin Didot Libraires.

Jamin, J. C.1887. Cours de physique de l'ecole polytech-nique III: Cours de optique. Paris: Gauthier-Villars.

Kaufman, M.1963. The first century of plastics: Celluloid and its sequel. London: Plastics and Rubber Institute.

Morgan, J.1991. Conservation of plastics. London: Plastics Historical Society.

Pierson, W. H.1867. Improved plastic compound made from vegetable fibers. U. S. Patent 65, 267.

Ray, G. W.1865. Improved water-proof collar and cuff. U. S. Patent 48, 239.

Reilly, J. A.1991. Celluloid objects: Their chemistry and preservation. Journal of the American Institute for Conservation30(2):145–62.

Schmidt, R.1870. Le développement des armes a feu et autres engins de guérre. Paris: Chez Tanera.

Selwitz, C. M.1988. Cellulose nitrate in conservation. Marina del Rey, Calif.: Getty Conservation Institute.

Van Dulken, S.1999. British patents of invention, 1617–1977: A guide for researchers. London: British Library.

Wohler, J. P.1998. Using patent numbers as a dating guide. Notes for Museum Workers 4. Ottawa: Pat Wohler and Associates.

Worden, E.1911. Nitrocellulose industry. New York: Van Nostrand.



FURTHER READING

Meickle, J. L.1997. American plastic: A cultural history. New Brunswick, N. J.: Rutgers University Press.

Quye, A., and C.Williamson. 1999. Plastics: Collecting and conserving. Edinburgh: NMS Publishing.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

SILVIA GARCÍA FERNÁNDEZ-VILLA received a BA in fine arts in 1999 and an MA in conservation of fine art in 2001 from the Complutense University of Madrid. Since October 1999 she has been working in the Department of Painting Conservation of the Faculty of Fine Arts, Complutense University of Madrid, with a scholarship from the Ministry of Education and Culture. Since 1999 she has also been an honorary associate in the same department. Address: Universidad Complutense, Facultad de Bellas Artes, C/ El Greco 2, 28040 Madrid, Spain

MARGARITA SAN ANDRÉS MOYA received a PhD in chemistry in 1989 from the Complutense University of Madrid. Since 1990 she has been professor in the Department of Painting Conservation of the Faculty of Fine Arts, Complutense University of Madrid. Address as for García Fernández-Villa


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