THE FACTORS AFFECTING WOMEN'S SUCCESS IN MUSEUM CAREERS: A DISCUSSION OF THE REASONS MORE WOMEN DO NOT REACH THE TOP, AND OF STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE THEIR FUTURE SUCCESS
Victoria TurnerMA in Museum Studies, 2001
Institute of Archaeology, University College London, 31-34 Gordon Square, London WC1H 0PY, United Kingdom
AbstractThis dissertation discusses the factors affecting women's success in museum careers. It draws on information gathered from interviews with successful women, to supplement existing information and statistics. Women are less successful than men, for they are underrepresented in the top jobs, and have lower average earnings. This is the result of a series of factors which hinder their career progression. Some emanate from the organizational culture of museums, which is often conservative and male-dominated. Others result from the clash between fulfilling family responsibilities and living up to current expectations in the workplace. A final set of factors concerns the typical attitudes and behaviour of individuals: the effects of women's own self-limitation, and men's, often unconsciously, pejorative viewpoint. The strategies for overcoming these barriers have also been assessed. Organizations are implementing equal opportunities programmes, including provisions for flexible working; for individuals, awareness is crucial, as well as profiting from networks, mentors, training and career planning. These strategies, however, are currently sufficient to help only the most exceptional women reach the top. The remaining problems are associated with deep-seated social stereotypes, and it will take a concerted effort by those in high status positions to help greater numbers of women overcome them. Full text PDF
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Copyright © Victoria Turner, 2001. All rights reserved.