The Abbey Newsletter

Volume 9, Number 1, Part 2
Apr 1985


Conservation Classified

Robert Espinosa
November 1984
1. CONSERVATION AS DISCIPLINE
1.1 Bibliographies and literature
1.2 Congresses and conventions
1.3 History
1.4 Information exchange and dissemination
1.5 Labs and facilities
1.6 Philosophies and ethics
1.7 Policies
1.8 Popular articles
1.9 Terminologies
1.10 Training
2. PRESERVATION ADMINISTRATION IN LIBRARIES AND ARCHIVES
2.1 Administration
2.2 Binding preparation
2.3 Condition surveys
2.4 Cooperative programs
2.5 Economic considerations
2.6 Information preservation
2.7 Library-binder relations
2.8 Library binding
2.9 Preservation selection
3. CONSERVATION: ART AND ARCHITECTURE--GENERAL
3.1 Architecture
3.2 Furniture
3.3 Objects
3.4 Painting
3.5 Photography
4. RELATED DISCIPLINES
4.1 Architecture
4.2 Archaeology
4.3 Biology
4.4 Decorative arts
4.5 Ethnography
4.6 Graphic arts
4.7 Information sciences
4.8 Museology
4.9 Musicology
4.10 Organic chemistry
4.11 Photography
4.12 Symbology
5. ENEMIES OF BOOKS
5.1 Environmental enemies
5.1.1 Air pollutants
5.1.2 Biological agents
5.1.21 Fungi and bacteria
5.1.22 Insects
5.1.3 Disasters
5.1.31 Earthquake
5.1.32 Fire
5.1.33 War, riot, vandalism
5.1.34 Water
5.1.4 Light
5.1.5 Relative humidity
5.1.6 Temperature
5.2 Inherent vice
5.2.1 In inks and colorants
5.2.2 In leather
5.2.3 In paper
5.2.4 Photographic
5.2.5 Sound recordings and magnetic tape
6. PROTECTION AND CARE OF MATERIALS
6.1 Biological control
6.2 Care of books
6.3 Care of manuscript and archive collections
6.4 Care of objects
6.5 Design of library and archives buildings
6.6 Enclosures
6.7 Environmental controls
6.7.1 Air cleaning
6.7.2 Air conditioning
6.7.3 Relative humidity
6.7.4 Temperature
6.8 Exhibition
6.9 Fire and water protection
6.9.1 Disaster preparedness
6.9.2 Fire
6.9.3 Water
6.10 Handling and shelving
6.10.1 Controlling access
6.10.2 Moving
6.10.3 Photocopying
6.10.4 Shelving
6.11 Library security
6.12 Stack maintenance
6.12.1 Dusting and cleaning
6.12.2 Treatment of leather binding
6.13 Storage in general
6.14 Storage of maps
6.15 Storage of photographs
6.16 Storage of prints and drawings
6.17 Storage of sound recordings and magnetic tapes and discs
6.17.1 Discs
6.17.2 Magnetic tapes
7. BOOKS AND BOOKBINDING
7.1 History and development of books and printing
7.1.1 Pre-printing
7.1.11 Codicology
7.1.12 Development of alphabet
7.1.13 Illumination
7.1.14 Manuscript books
7.1.15 Paleography
7.1.16 Papyrology
7.1.2 Printed books
7.1.21 Printing
7.1.22 Typography
7.2 History and development of bookbinding
7.2.1 General
7.2.2 Pre-1400
7.2.3 By country
7.3 Bookbinding structure and technology
7.3.1 Structure
7.3.1.1 Boards
7.3.1.2 Boards attachment
7.3.1.3 Bosses and fittings
7.3.1.4 Covering
7.3.1.5 Decoration
7.3.1.6 Edge decoration
7.3.1.7 Endbands
7.3.1.8 Endleaves
7.3.1.9 Fastenings
7.3.1.10 Sewing
7.3.1.11 Spine
7.3.1.12 Textblock
7.4 Technology
7.4.1 Adhesive binding
7.4.2 Case binding
7.4.3 Cleat sewing
7.4.4 Limp vellum binding
7.4.5 Machine binding
7.4.6 Oversewing
7.4.7 Paper binding
8. PAPER AND PAPERMAKING
8.1 History and development of papermaking
8.1.1 In the Far East
8.1.2 In Islamic countries
8.1.3 In central Asia
8.1.4 In the West
8.2 Papermaking technology
8.2.1 Raw materials
8.2.2 Beating
8.2.3 Sheet formation
8.2.4 Drying
8.2.5 Sizing
8.2.6 Watermarks
8.3 Paper science
8.3.1 Cellulose
8.3.2 Cellulose deterioration
8.3.3 Papermaking fibers
9. MATERIALS AND MATERIAL SCIENCE
9.1 Accelerated aging
9.2 Adhesives
9.3 Analytical methods
9.4 Book board
9.5 Book cleaning materials
9.6 Book cloth
9.7 Dyes and dyeing
9.8 Fibers
9.9 Gelatin
9.10 Heat-set tissue
9.11 Ink
9.12 Leather
9.13 Leather treatments
9.14 Microproductive processes
9.15 Paints and pigments
9.16 Papyrus
9.17 Parchment
9.18 Photographic materials
9.19 Polyester
9.20 Solvents
9.21 Textiles
9.22 Thread, tape
9.23 Water purity
9.24 Writing instruments
10. CONSERVATION--EXAMINATION, DOCUMENTATION, ANALYSIS
10.1 Authentication
10.2 Condition forms and descriptions
10.3 Fiber identification and analysis
10.4 Instrumental analysis
10.4.1 Gas chromatography
10.4.2 Visible spectroscopy
10.4.3 X-ray diffraction
10.4.4 X-ray fluorescence
10.5 Microchemical tests
10.6 Photographic documentation
10.6.1 Beta-radiography
10.6.2 Infrared
10.6.3 Raking light
10.6.4 Specular
10.6.5 Transmitted light
10.6.6 Ultraviolet
10.7 Microscopy
10.7.1 Stereo binocular
10.7.2 Polarized light
10.7.3 Scanning electron microscopy
10.8 Spot tests
10.8.1 Alum
10.8.2 Alum rosin
10.8.3 Lignin
10.8.4 Protein
10.8.5 Starch
10.9 Treatment report forms
11. CONSERVATION TREATMENT METHODS AND TECHNIQUES
11.1 Archives and manuscripts
11.2 Book
11.2.1 Minor treatments
11.2.2 Rebacking
11.2.3 Rebinding
11.2.3.1 Hard-board laced
11.2.3.2 Limp vellum
11.2.3.3 Paper case
11.3 Boxmaking
11.4 Cradles
11.5 Freeze-drying
11.6 Fumigation
11.7 Furniture
11.8 Leather
11.9 Maps
11.10 Objects
11.11 Painting
11.12 Paper
11.12.1 Fumigation
11.12.2 Dry cleaning
11.12.3 Washing
11.12.4 Solvent treatments
11.12.5 Alkalization and neutralization
11.12.6 Enzyme treatments
11.12.7 Bleaching
11.12.8 Consolidation, fixing, facing
11.12.9 Sizing
11.12.10 Backing removal
11.12.11 Mending
11.12.12 Filling and compensation
11.12.13 Humidification
11.12.14 Drying and flattening
11.12.15 Lining and mounting
11.12.16 Inpainting
11.12.17 Matting and framing
11.12.18 Encapsulation
11.12.19 Lamination
11.13 Papyrus
11.14 Parchment and vellum
11.15 Photographic materials
11.16 Scrolls
11.17 Textiles

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