JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 21 to 42)
JAIC online
Journal of the American Institute for Conservation
JAIC 2002, Volume 41, Number 1, Article 3 (pp. 21 to 42)

OLD MASTER RECIPES IN THE 1920s, 1930s, AND 1940s: CURRY, MARSH, DOERNER, AND MAROGER

LANCE MAYER, & GAY MYERS




REFERENCES

Abendschein, A. [1906] 1909. The secret of the Old Masters. New York:D. Appleton. [The title page has the date “1909”; the page after the title page says “Copyright, 1906” and “Published November, 1906.”]

Benton, T. H. ca. 1943. Letter from Thomas Hart Benton to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frames 0311, 0312. [Undated, but refers to the recent publication of Schmeckebier's book, which appeared in 1943.]

Benton, T. H.1969. An American in art: A professional and technical autobiography. Lawrence: University Press of Kansas.

Berger, E.1901. Beiträge zur Entwicklungsgeschichte der Maltechnik. Munich: Dr. W. Callwey.

Bogdanoff, L.1941. Letter from Leonard Bogdanoff, New York, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, June 9. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0366.

Bomford, D., C.Brown, and A.Roy, with contributions by J.Kirby and R.White. 1988. Art in the making: Rembrandt. London: National Gallery.

Carlyle, L.2001. The artists' assistant: Oil painting instruction manuals and handbooks in Britain 1800–1900 with reference to selected eighteenth-century sources. London: Archetype.

Coddington, J.1999. No chaos damn it. In Jackson Pollock: New approaches, ed. K.Varnedoe and P.Karmel. New York: Museum of Modern Art.

Curry, J. S.1932–38. Account and records of works etc. Manuscript notebook. Worcester Art Museum, Worcester, Mass. 60.99.234.

Curry, J. S.1941a. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to R. Lewenthal, New York, March 20. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 165, frame illegible.

Curry, J. S.1941b. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to George Macy, Limited Editions Club, NewYork, May 26. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 165, frame illegible.

Curry, J. S.1941c. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Leonard Bogdanoff, New York, June 20. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0367.

Curry, J. S.1942a. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Jack Harris, Hutchinson, Kansas, June 4. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frame 1065.

Curry, J. S.1942b. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, April 29. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 013-[final digit illegible].

Curry, J. S.1942c. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, February 26. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 1294.

Curry, J. S.1942d. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, March 6. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 1295.

Curry, J. S.1942e. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, March 7. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frames 1296–97.

Curry, J. S.1942f. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Reginald Marsh, New York, January 28 (returned with comments by Marsh). Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0726.

Curry, J. S.1942g. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Reginald Marsh, New York, June 17. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0735.

Curry, J. S.1943a. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, October 25. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 165, frame illegible.

Curry, J. S.1943b. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Mrs. Bruce Moore, New York, January 13. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 165, frame illegible.

Curry, J. S.1944. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Henry Levison, Permanent Pigments, Cincinnati, March 8. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0054.

Curry, J. S.1945a. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to John Mathieson, February 14. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frame 22--[final two digits illegible].

Curry, J. S.1945b. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, November 16. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0053.

Curry, J. S.1946. Letter from John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, to Frederic Taubes, New York, April 9. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0557.

Curry, J. S. undated a. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0871.

Curry, J. S. undated b. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 168, frame 0127.

Curry, J. S. undated c. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 083-[last digit illegible].

Curry, K.1997. Personal communication.

Doerner, M.1934. The materials of the artist and their use in painting, with notes on the techniques of the Old Masters, trans. Eugen Neuhaus. New York: Harcourt, Brace.

F. Weber Co. 1945. Technical Facts for the Artist 11(1) (January). Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frames 1319ff.

Fischer, M.1930. The permanent palette. Mountain Lake Park, Md., and New York: National Publishing Society.

Fischer, M.1931. Letter from Martin Fischer, Cincinnati, to John Steuart Curry, May 8. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0851.

Gettens, R., and G.Stout. 1942. Painting materials: A short encyclopaedia. New York: D. Van Nostrand.

Goodrich, L., and R.Irvine1955. Reginald Marsh. New York: Whitney Museum of Art.

Horns, J. S., and H. M.Parkin. 1995. Grant Wood: A technical study. In Grant Wood: An American master revealed. San Francisco: Davenport Museum of Art/Pomegranate Artbooks. 67–91.

Katlan, A.1992. American artists' materials. Vol. 2, A guide to stretchers, panels, millboards, and stencil marks. Madison, Conn.: Sound View Press.

Laurie, A. P.1926. The painter's methods & materials. Philadelphia: J. B. Lippincott. [The book is undated on its title page, but the year 1926 is included in the printer's note at the end of the index.]

Lyman Allyn Museum. 1947. Painting in the Maroger medium by 14 painters, July/August 1947. New London, Conn.: Lyman Allyn Museum, Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2233, frames 0703–0704.

Mancusi-Ungaro, C.1990. The Rothko Chapel: Treatment of the black-form triptychs. In Cleaning, retouching and coatings, ed. J. S.Mills and P.Smith. IIC preprints. International Institute for Conservation of Historic and Artistic Works 13th Annual Conference, Brussels. London: IIC. 134–37.

Maroger, J.1942. The secret of Van Eyck regained. Magazine of Art35(6):219–22.

Maroger, J.1943. How to make the Maroger medium, trans. Eleanor Beckham. Magazine of Art36(1):40.

Maroger, J.1948. The secret formulas and techniques of the Masters. New York and London: Studio Publications.

Maroger, J.1952. Sheet of recipes. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frame 0531.

Marsh, R.1929. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2233, frame 1207.

Marsh, R.1930–37. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frames 0432ff.

Marsh, R.1936. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frame 0471.

Marsh, R.1940a. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, December. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0723.

Marsh, R.1940b. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, December. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0724.

Marsh, R.1940c. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, December. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0728.

Marsh, R.1940d. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, December 27. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame illegible.

Marsh, R.1941. Lecture given at the School of the Art Institute of Chicago, April. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frames 23--[final digits illegible]. [The notes are unattributed, but in context it seems certain that they were written by Marsh.]

Marsh, R.1942a. The Maroger medium. Magazine of Art35(6):218.

Marsh, R.1942b. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, June 18. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll and frame not recorded [typed transcription is Marsh 1942c].

Marsh, R.1942c. Letter from Reginald Marsh to John Steuart Curry, June 18. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0736 [typed transcript by William McCloy].

Marsh, R.1951. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frame 0530.

Marsh, R.1953. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frame 0448.

Marsh, R.1954. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2233, frame 0095.

Marsh, R. undated a. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2234, frame 0283.

Marsh, R. undated b. Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2236, frame 0017.

Marsh, R. undated c. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 23--[final digits illegible].

Marsh, R. undated d. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frame 23--[final digits illegible].

Martin, J.1995. A technical study comprising fourteen paintings by Grant Wood. In Grant Wood: An American master revealed. San Francisco: Davenport Museum of Art/Pomegranate Artbooks. 67–91.

Mathews, M.1969. Henry Ossawa Tanner: American artist. Chicago and London: University of Chicago Press.

Mathieson, J.1945. Letter from John Mathieson to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, February 4. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 166, frame 22--[final two digits illegible].

Mayer, R.1933. Tempera painting. Creative Art (April 1933). Copy in Archives of American Art, Reginald Marsh Papers, roll 2233, frames 1276–77.

Mayer, R.1940. The artist's handbook of materials and technique. New York: Viking Press.

Mayer, R.1949. Review of Jacques Maroger, The secret formulas and techniques of the Masters. The periodical is not given, but the review is dated November 1949, and a copy of it is in Archives of American Art, Ralph Mayer Papers, roll D-211, frame 725.

McCloy, W. A.1937. Techniques of painting. Unpublished manuscript. In possession of the authors.

McCloy, W. A.1997. Personal communication.

Miller, K. H.1907. Letter from Kenneth Hayes Miller, New York, to his mother, March 2. Archives of American Art, Kenneth Hayes Miller Papers, roll N583, frames 7–9.

Papers of the Society of Painters in Tempera [1901–1907] 1928. Vol. 1, 1901–1907. 2d ed., revised by the Society of Mural Decorators and Painters in Tempera, 1928. Vol. 2, 1907–1924. Santa Fe, N. M.: Society of Mural Decorators and Painters in Tempera.

Rankin, Q.2000. The technical mysteries of Henry Ossawa Tanner. Paper presented at meeting of the Washington Conservation Guild, January, Washington, D.C.

Rasmussen, H. D.1938a. Letter from H. D. Rasmussen, Chicago, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, January 5. John Steuart Curry Papers, Archives of American Art, roll 167, frames 0784–85.

Rasmussen, H. D.1938b. Letter from H. D. Rasmussen, Chicago, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, January 13. John Steuart Curry Papers, Archives of American Art, roll 167, frames 0786–87.

Ruhemann, H.1964. Review of Max Doerner, Malmaterial und seine Behandlung im Bilde, and The materials of the artist and their use in painting. Studies in Conservation 9 (1964):170–72. Reprinted in H.Ruhemann. 1968. The cleaning of paintings: Problems and potentialities. New York and Washington: Frederick A. Praeger. 355–60.

Schmeckebier, L. E.1943. John Steuart Curry's pageant of America. New York: American Artists Group.

Sloan, J., with H.Farr. 1939. The gist of art. New York: American Artists Group.

Sprague, A.1999. The Pre-Raphaelites and the link with America. Apollo150(453), new series (November):47–52.

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Taubes, F.1941. The technique of oil painting. New York: Dodd, Mead.

Taubes, F.1942. Viewpoints: Van Eyck's secret once more. Magazine of Art35(December):298.

Taubes, F.1944. Letter from Frederic Taubes, New York, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, February 14. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame 0050.

Taubes, F.1946. Letter from Frederic Taubes, New York, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, February 11. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0539.

Vibert, J. G. ca. 1900. Renseignements sur la peinture a l'oeuf et sur les procédés des peintres primitifs. Paris: Lefranc.

Vytlacil, V., and R. D.Turnbull. 1935. Egg tempera painting, tempera underpainting, oil emulsion painting: A manual of technique. New York: Oxford University Press.

Walker, M.1938. Letter from Maynard Walker, New York, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, January 20. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame illegible.

Weber, F. W.1941. Letter from F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, October 7. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frames 0774–75.

Weber, F. W.1942a. Letter from F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, May 1. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frames 0774–75.

Weber, F. W.1942b. Letter from F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, February 24. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frames 0772–73.

Weber, F. W.1945. Letter from F. W. Weber, Philadelphia, to John Steuart Curry, Madison, Wisconsin, October 30. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 164, frame 0495.

[Wood, G., or Mrs. G.]. Undated. Sheet of Mrs. Grant Wood's stationery. Archives of American Art, John Steuart Curry Papers, roll 167, frame not noted.

York, L.1936. Review of V. Vytlacil and R. D. Turnbull, Egg tempera painting, tempera underpainting, oil emulsion painting: A manual of technique. Technical Studies4:240.


AUTHOR INFORMATION

LANCE MAYER and GAY MYERS are both graduates of the conservation training program at the Intermuseum Laboratory in Oberlin, Ohio. Since 1981 they have been in New London, Connecticut, where they spend the majority of their time working as independent conservators for many large and small museums as well as private collectors. In 1999 they were awarded a Winterthur Advanced Research Fellowship to study American painters' techniques. Address: Lyman Allyn Art Museum, 625 Williams St., New London, Conn. 06320.


Copyright © 2002 American Institution for Conservation of Historic & Artistic Works